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  • International Journal of Healthcare and Medical Sciences

    Online ISSN: 2414-2999
    Print ISSN: 2415-5233

    Frequency: Monthly


    Archives

    Volume 2 Number 8 August 2016

    Conservative Management of Atypical Eclampsia Remote from Term: A Case Report


    Pages: 45-47
    Authors: Sanusi Mohammed Ibrahim ; Mohammed Bukar ; Bilkisu Isa ; Fati Ali ; Maisaratu Bakari
    Abstract
    Except in association with molar or hydropic degeneration of the placenta, with or without a coexistent fetus, eclampsia before 20 weeks of gestation is rare and only few cases have been described. The case reported was that of a 24 year old primipara who had tonic-clonic seizures at 19 weeks gestation without prior Preeclampsia. She remained stable and was managed closely up to 36 weeks gestation. She had spontaneous vaginal delivery of a live baby at 38 weeks with good outcome. Atypical eclampsia may develop before 20 weeks of gestation and could pose serious management challenges. Such patients if carefully selected and closely monitored may have satisfactory outcome. This case deserves reporting because of its rare nature as several literature search did not reveal any reported case of eclampsia before 20 weeks that was successfully managed to term.



    Massive Pneumoperitoneum in Neonate a Case Report in Owerri


    Pages: 41-44
    Authors: Anele, T. I. ; Ekezie J.
    Abstract
    Massive pneumoperitoneum in a neonate should be treated as an emergency; immediate action of management should be applied as soon as the diagnosis is made. A four day old male neonate was admitted into the intensive care baby unit (ICBU) with severe birth asphyxia, anaemia and sepsis. An exchange blood transfusion was done due to the anaemia and sepsis. The following morning, patient vomited twice after food, feeds where consequently withheld and baby was on nil per oral with intravenous infusion. By evening the patient developed fever and passed non-bloody buy foul smelling meconium. That same night (5th day of life), the abdomen became distended and quite tense that the abdominal organs were difficult to palpate. Abdominal radiography showed bulging of the flanks; a large amount of free gas was seen under the diaphragm which compressed the abdominal viscera caudally and medially. A diagnosis of massive pneumoperitoneum was made, an emergency laparotomy was done; a longitudinal tear, about 9cm long was found in the descending colon, another perforation with necrotic border was found in the sigmoid colon with faecal soilage all over the peritoneal cavity. The affected segments of the colon were resected and transverse colosigmoid anastomosis was done, colostomy was not constructed because of the condition of the baby and poor management of colostomy in the environment. Post operative recovery was uneventful; the patient was discharged on the 29th post operative day at age of 6 weeks.