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    Volume 2 Number 4 April 2016

    A Comparative Study of Creativity between Normal Children and Blind Children Studying In Secondary Schools of Mysore City


    Pages: 64-67
    Authors: Sharmista
    Abstract
    Creativity is a novel and personal experience. Creativity is universal. It is not confined to any individuals, groups of individuals, caste, colour or creed. It is not bounded by the barriers of age, location or culture. Everyone possesses and is capable of demonstrating creativity to some degree. Although many research findings and incidents favour the suggestion that creativity is god given and natural endowment, the influence of the sensory experiences, cultural background, education and training in the nurturing of creativity cannot be ruled out. Therefore one’s creativity maybe correctly said to be a function of natural endowment as well as its nurturing. . The individual receives impressions of the world only through the senses .It is evident therefore deviation from the normal vision has important significance. More impressions reach the brain for interpretation through the sense of sight than through all the other senses combined. Visual difficulties may influence individual in all spheres of life. It is a moral responsibility to see that a positive educational programme is devised under which facilities would be available for nurturing the creativity of the blind children. Proper care and   provision of opportunities for creative expression inspire, stimulate and sharpen the the creative mind. It is in this sphere that parents, society and teachers make a significant contribution. They are required to help the children in nourishing and utilizing their creative abilities to the utmost. The educational process, therefore, should be aimed at developing creative abilities among children.



    Association of the Psychological Factors Hampering Oral Skill of ESL Students at Graduate Level, At Bahawalpur, Pakistan


    Pages: 57-63
    Authors: Sadia Ayub ; Muhammad Arfan Lodhi
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study was to identify the psychological factors involved in oral communication of ESL students. The research aimed to uncover the psychological barriers like learner’s self-esteem and self-opinions in oral competency of ESL students at graduate level. The investigation was carried out at Bahawalpur, Pakistan. This research was reported on a survey study and used a questionnaire for the students and interview format for the teachers as tools to investigate the issue. The interview was taken from forty highly experienced ESL/EFL teachers; and for questionnaire almost 100 students from each college were selected, total 498 ESL students participated in this research. The data provided through interview from teacher was analyzed qualitatively and the data from the students was analyzed through SPSS and Microsoft Excel. The following conclusion was drawn from the data collected from this investigation: Psychological factors affect student’s oral competency. This investigation has proved informative implications and suggested a variety of strategies for learners to cope with second language anxiety and for teachers to recognize and handle the learner’s fears. 



    Reform of Innovative Practice Training Mode for Postgraduates in Oil & Gas Engineering Field


    Pages: 52-56
    Authors: Zhihua Wang ; Guangsheng Cao ; Daiyin Yin
    Abstract
    The strategic position of postgraduate education has gradually become a heated issue and the urgency of quality improvement has become increasingly prominent. Under the background of the strategy of "Innovation-driven Development", this thesis analyzes the importance of education in practice link to training of engineering postgraduates in view of the postgraduate training in oil and gas engineering fields, reforms the practical training mode which has taken the scientific research activities as main forms all the time, researches the construction measures and characteristics of diversified innovative practice training mode for postgraduates in oil and gas engineering fields by taking the development of innovative practice platform and innovative practice academic competitions as breakthrough, and mainly starting from the construction of stratified, integrated and modularized practical teaching projects, as well as that of practical courses in engineering plan design under the guidance of discipline direction, forms the comprehensive practical course system integrating the practical teaching, engineering design and scientific research activities, and offers some recommendations for the operation mechanism of innovative practice training mode for postgraduates.



    Internationalization as a Concept in Teacher Education and Training: Benefits, Strategies and Challenges


    Pages: 46-51
    Authors: Benard O. Nyatuka ; Ruth J. Songok ; Eric N. Maangi
    Abstract
    In spite of the huge impact that internationalization as a concept has on the education sector, teacher education and training inclusive, very few academics and policy makers embark on interrogating its nuances, evolution and implications. Research demonstrates that if faculty members have few international connections, they are unlikely to convey to their students that these are necessary and expected, a situation that makes the next generation to develop even fewer ties to international peers. Similarly, although it is generally assumed that internationalization is a positive thing, there is little research conducted on the attendant challenges and drawbacks. In this paper therefore, the meaning and aspects of internationalization, with respect to teacher education and training are explored and so are the relevant strategies both at home and abroad. Furthermore, the paper focuses on the benefits and challenges associated with internationalization of teacher education and training. Some possible intervention measures to improve on the effectiveness of internationalization of teacher education and training are presented as well.