International Journal of Healthcare and Medical Sciences
Online ISSN: 2414-2999
Print ISSN: 2415-5233
Print ISSN: 2415-5233
Volume 3 Number 11 November 2017
Effective Dose of Computed Tomography (CT) Head in Some Selected Hospitals in Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, Nigeria
Authors: E. C. Nwokorie ; S. A. Jonah ; M. Y. Onimisi
Investigations have been done concerning computed tomography (CT) dose output of some selected hospitals in the Federal capital Territory, Abuja, Nigeria by calculating the Effective doses of CT head in some selected hospitals and compare its average with the Mean Reference Dose of CT Head. Data was collected at five hospitals in the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, Nigeria. The Effective Dose of each of the patients undergoing CT Head examination was calculated using the coefficient factor and the DLP values. Patients’ CT dose data from the ages of 18 to 60years from each of the 5 centres for each study types from January, 2013 to December, 2014 were extracted. A total of 181 patients’ CT dose data was extracted. The effective dose range for CT Head examination in Abuja, Federal Capital Territory is 1.8 to 6.8mSv.
Occupational Stress and Its Related Factors in Nursing and Midwifery Personnel in Zahedan Training Hospitals
Authors: Marzieh Rakhshkhorshid ; Farahnaz Ahmadzadeh Tabas ; Mahan Mirmortazavi
A cross-sectional study was performed on 422 nursing and midwifery personnel of Zahedan training hospitals in 2016 to determine the occupational stress and its related factors. Data were collected by a demographic questionnaire and HSE Job Stress Questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA and Pearson correlation coefficient. The software used to analyze the data was SPSS 17. The findings showed that the mean ± standard deviation occupational stress was 114.45 ± 16.16. 4% of subjects had moderate stress, 79.6% had normal stress and 16.4% had no stress. There was no significant relationship between age, gender, education, work experience, job position, ward and employment status with occupational stress, but there was a significant relationship between marital status and occupational stress. Based on the results of this study, the occupational stress level in nursing and midwifery personnel working in educational hospitals in Zahedan was relatively favorable and only a small percentage of people suffered from moderate stress.
Prevalence of Pulmonary and Rifampicin-resistant Tuberculosis Among Patients Attending Federal Medical Centre, Yenagoa, Bayelsa State, Nigeria
Authors: Nsikak Godwin Etim ; Frankland Oyeins Briyai
The prevalence of tuberculosis and Rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis (RMP-TB) among patients showing symptoms of tuberculosis that visited Federal Medical Centre, Yenagoa, Bayelsa state, Nigeria was determined from June 2015 to December 2015. A total of 456 patients comprising 218(47.8%) males and 238(52.2%) females were examined using their sputum and gastric lavage samples. GeneXpert System was used to determine the TB and RMF-TB. Results showed that out of the 456 patients, overall tuberculosis prevalence was 88(19.3%), males recorded 48(10.5%) while females had 40(8.8%). The highest tuberculosis prevalence was recorded amongst 21-30 years and 31-40 years age groups (5.5%). Out of the 456 patients, total prevalence for Rifampicin resistance was 11(2.4%). Of these, females and male prevalence was 6(1.3%) and 5(1.1%) respectively. There was no significant difference (P>0.05) in prevalence between age and gender. The treatment and follow-up of existing cases is a key to preventing the spread of multi drug-resistant tuberculosis.
Prevalence of Risk Factors for Non-communicable Diseases in a Rural Setting of Dhaka, Bangladesh
Authors: Shayela Farah ; Tanjina Ahmed Chaklader
The rise of non-communicable diseases and their impact in low- and middle-income countries has gained increased attention in recent years.A cross-sectional survey was carried out among 369 villagers to assess the prevalenceof risk factors for non-communicable diseases at Dhamrai, Dhaka. About 252(68.3%) respondents had knowledge regarding HTN, 247(66.9%) about DM, 193(52.3%) about cancer and among them more than fifty percent respondents gave opinion that smoking as the cause of non communicable disease.Regarding awareness of risk factors of HTN and DM more than sixty percent respondents gave opinion on age advancement,near fifty percent on familialand significant strongassociations were found between NCDs and the risk factors. About 258(39.3%) of the rural participants got information from television.Finally, the need for health system reform to strengthen primary care at rural setting is highlighted as a major policy to reduce the toll of this rising epidemic.