Business, Management and Economics Research
Online ISSN: 2412-1770
Print ISSN: 2413-855X
Print ISSN: 2413-855X
Volume 3 Number 6 June 2017
Action Theory as a Tool for Causal Investigation in Qualitative Research: The Analysis of the Actions of Local Politicians and Administrators Involved in the Delivery of Agricultural Extension Services in Tanzanian
Authors: Wilfred Uronu Lameck
Causal explanation of social action has been critical to modern and classic sociology because the most influential causal law of regularity has failed to be fruitful in explaining causal properties and the processes which form social action. Nevertheless, since the development of social action theory by Max Weber in 1926, there has been meager development concerning its use for causal investigation in qualitative research. Few researchers who attempt to use it do not satisfactorily capture the issue of context and process which connect the events. This article uses comparative case study research to analyze the actions of local politicians and administrators involved in the planning and decision making concerning the delivery of agricultural extension services in Tanzania. To be more precise, the analysis focus on the way institutional context determine the planning process on allocation of resources and the actions of officials involved in the planning of the services.
The Impact of ‘Brexit’ on Japanese International Trade in EU
Authors: Yutaka Kurihara
Brexit is an abbreviation for “British exit,” meaning the United Kingdom’s (UK’s) decision on June 23, 2016, to leave the European Union (EU). The national vote’s result surprised global markets and caused immediate turmoil. As the UK has a large and traditional financial market and is a gateway to the EU for international investment and trade, people have much fear, which has caused serious recession all over the world. Japan, which has taken advantage of the relationship between Japan and UK and between the UK and EU, is not an exception. This paper examines the impact of Brexit on Japanese activity in the UK and EU. The gravity model of international trade was employed for empirical analysis. This model states that bilateral trade flows based on the economic sizes and distances between two units can be used to examine reasons for international trade. Empirical analysis in this paper indicates that Brexit has impacted Japanese international trade considering the relationship between the UK and EU.