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Volume 4 Number 2 February 2018

A Study on Operational Efficiency and Financial Strength of Indian Banking Industry


Authors: S. Sirisha ; P. Malyadri
Pages: 46-55
Abstract
Financial sector plays a pivotal role in the economic development, but, in recent time, it has witnessed that the World Economy is passing through some intricate circumstances as bankruptcy of banking & financial institutions, debt crisis in major economies of the world and euro zone crisis. The scenario has become very uncertain causing recession in major economies like US and Europe. The tempo of development for the Indian banking industry has been remarkable over the past decade. It is evident from the higher pace of credit expansion, expanding profitability and productivity similar to banks in developed markets, lower incidence of non- performing assets and focus on financial inclusion have contributed to making Indian banking vibrant and strong. Indian banks have begun to revise their growth approach and re-evaluate the prospects on hand to keep the economy rolling. It is generally agreed that a strong and healthy banking system is a prerequisite for sustainable economic growth. The banking sector has always been one of the important sectors for investment. In the time of uncertainty, some are arguing that the economies are in the process of recovery, and while others are opining that the world is set for another recession soon. In order to resist negative shocks and maintain financial stability, it is important to identify the Performance of Indian Banking Sector. The current study is mainly concerned with the analysis of Performance Of banking sector in India, that reflects the impact of new competitive environment on the bank’s performance in terms of various selected parameters. The article considered the variables like balance sheet operations, efficiency, profitability ,Capital Adequacy, Asset Quality, Sect oral deployment of bank credit, Technological Development, Customer services and Financial Inclusion for a period of  6  years from 2011 to 16.   The Data was collected through secondary sources from Statistical Tables relating to banks in India. The results have found strong evidence poor profitability and inefficiency of managing the assets in the year 2016.


Exchange Rate Dynamics: The Overshooting Model (With Sticky Prices)


Authors: Ioannis N. Kallianiotis
Pages: 38-45
Abstract
The objective of this paper is to test the exchange rate dynamics by measuring the speed of adjustment of prices. In this overshooting model, we assume price stickiness (gradual adjustment). If the prices are adjusted instantaneously, we will have the monetarist view; otherwise, the overshooting one, due to slow adjustment of prices and consequently, it affects all the other variables and slowly the exchange rate. We outline, here, an approach of testing the dynamic models of exchange rate determination. This approach is based upon the idea that it is difficult to measure directly the process by which market participants revise their expectations about current and future money supplies. On the other hand, it is possible to make indirect inferences about these expectations through a time series analysis of related financial and real prices. Empirical tests of the above exchange rate dynamics are taking place for four different exchange rates ($/€, $/£, C$/$, and ¥/$). Theoretical discussion and empirical evidence have emphasized the impact of gradual adjustment and “overshooting” that it is taking place. Only for the $/€ exchange rate the monetarist model is correct.