Volume 4 Number 1 January 2018

Dimension of Women Labour Force in Bangladesh: Evidence from Nationally Representative Data

Authors: K. M. Mustafizur Rahman ; Rashed Al Mahmud Titumir ; Sarker Obaida Nasrin
Pages: 9-15
This paper covers the changes in women labour force and their participation along with categorical employment status as well as main economic activities in Bangladesh. In particular, it pays attention to regional variations on female labour force. Employment, in a poor country like Bangladesh, provides the critical link between economic growth and poverty alleviation as the vast majority of the people depends on employment as their only source of livelihood. The labour market, however, is one of the most important mechanisms for transmitting the benefits of economic growth to different groups in the society. Women, being a significant part of the population, play a significant role in the economic growth of the country. This paper makes an attempt to explore the situation of women labour force to find a clear image in formulating new policies and programmes regarding women employment in Bangladesh.

The Hawaiian Sovereignty Movement and U.S. Policy: Framing Consequences of Changing Policy

Authors: James E. Stobaugh ; Sean Huss
Pages: 1-8
Why did the Hawaiian sovereignty movement adjust its framing over the past century? In this article, we elucidate the processes that can help move social movement organizations engaging in a frame war to unify around a common frame. Using comparative historical case study, we examine the history of the Hawaii Sovereignty Movement as well as the U.S. governmental policies related to Hawaii and Native Hawaiians across the twentieth century. We highlight the importance of external actors in creating the conditions by which social movements must alter their framing strategy. Specifically, we look at the impacts of specific policies and legal threats on movement framing strategies. We find that when movement organizations face an existential challenge to their existence, they are willing to overlook their individual differences and unify behind a common framing. Policies meant to undermine a movement can work to strengthen a movement by unifying its disparate parts. These finding have implications for future studies of social movements and social movement framings as well as governmental policy studies.