The Journal of Social Sciences Research
Online ISSN: 2411-9458
Print ISSN: 2413-6670
Print ISSN: 2413-6670
Volume 5 Number 5 May 2019
Factors Related to Organizational Commitment of Jordanian Auditors: A Structural Model
Authors: Muhannad Akram Ahmad ; Seif Obeid Al-Shbiel
The relationships between neuroticism personality and workload and organizational commitment are explored in this study, with job burnout as the potential mediator. The study sample comprised 183 Jordanian auditors and the obtained data prove full mediation of job burnout on the association between workload and organizational commitment, and partial mediation of job burnout on the association between neuroticism personality and organizational commitment. Job burnout and organizational commitment are directly and negatively related. An integrated model grounded by three factors contributing to organizational commitment of auditors is presented in this study.
Antecedents and Consequences of Work-Family Conflict in Qatar
Authors: Rima Charbaji El-Kassem
Purpose This paper examines the effect of causal factors, such as work-life harmony, work- family conflict, co-worker and supervisor support, as well as spouse support, on workload and job stress and employee psychological ill-being (depression/anxiety). Design/methodology/approach A large convenience sample of 807 families from Qatar was surveyed. Using SPSS, the researchers used factor analysis to establish construct validity, based on two suitability tests: the Kaisers-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) measure of sampling adequacy and the Bartless test of sphericity. The dimensions were found to be reliable and valid. Findings Findings from regression analysis show that five independent variables, as well as gender, are significant in predicting staff members’ perceived employee psychological ill-being in Qatar. In addition, results of the recursive model reveal that work-life harmony, supervisor’s and spouse’s support lead to less perceived employee psychological ill-being. However, workload, job stress and work-family conflict lead to more perceived employee psychological ill-being in Qatar. Practical implications Findings of this investigation provide strategic insights and practical thinking that have important implications for understanding and overcoming employee psychological ill-being. What’s more, this paper contributes to the limited knowledge about the effects of stressful working conditions in combination with low levels of spouse support and co-worker and supervisor support on work-life conflict and higher levels of depression and anxiety. Originality This article empirically correlates three fields of management research: Managerial Psychology, Employee Well-Being and Work-Life Balance.
Medico-Legal Aspects of Containment of the Spread of Sexually Transmitted Infections
Authors: Alexander Alexandrovich Sizov ; Irina Vladimirovna Pashina ; Natalya Gennadievna Lischuk ; Marina Evgenievna Alferova ; Andrew Vladimirovich Lyaskovets ; Ramiz Fizulievich Shahbazov ; Nina Alexandrovna Andreeva
Sexually transmitted infections are a group of diseases that include syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydial and mycoplasma infections, trichomoniasis, herpes and HPV infections of the genital organs. In addition, sexually transmitted human immunodeficiency virus, causing a disease called acquired immune deficiency syndrome. According to the World Health Organization, every year more than 340 million people aged 15-49 suffer from sexually transmitted infections worldwide. The basis for the prevention of the spread of sexually transmitted infections and infection with the human immunodeficiency virus should be considered the presence of internal moral attitudes. The motive for the start of sexual life should be your own conscious decision, and not pressure from a partner, fear of losing him, desire to please him and preserve the relationship. Despite the rather wide spread of sexually transmitted infections and the occurrence of infection with human immunodeficiency virus, the implementation of the simplest recommendations guarantees the safety of intimate life and preservation of health. A clear legal regulation of actions of a sexual nature, associated with the risk of infection or entailing infection with sexually transmitted infections, helps to curb their distribution. It is essential for maintaining the sexual health of people of young and mature age, which is an important resource of any country.
Corruption as a Threat to the Economic Security of the Country
Authors: Irina V. Chistnikova ; Marina V. Antonova ; Elizaveta G. Serova ; Igor A. Sklyarenko ; Elena S. Alyokhina
The article analyzes the current level of corruption as a threat to Russia’s economic security. By the method of generalization of the provisions of the legislation, the features of corruption in Russia in the context of economic security are studied, the characteristic of corruption crimes is given. The dynamics of the corruption perception Index in the Russian Federation for 2015-2017 published by Transparency International is studied. Economic and statistical methods of data processing and analysis studied the indicators of corruption in Russia in 2015-2017 on the basis of official data. The value of damage to the country’s economy from corruption is revealed. The dynamics and structure of penalties for corruption crimes in Russia in 2015-2017 are studied on the basis of the generalization of data of the General Prosecutor’s office and Judicial Department at the Supreme court of Russia. Based on the calculation and analysis of the economic security indicators of the Russian Federation for 2015-2017, the impact of corruption on the economic security of the country is assessed. The level of economic security in the country under the influence of the mechanism of corruption is revealed. Methods of positive and normative approaches, abstract-logical and systemic approaches have revealed the directions of the negative impact of corruption on the economic security of the country. The mechanism of influence of corruption on economic security of Russia is presented by graphic method. The social danger of corruption in Russia is that it has a destructive, destabilizing effect on all state institutions and impedes the progressive development of the global legal order. The public danger of corruption is also linked to its latent nature. Corruption has a significant scale that threatens the economic security of Russia, but its real level is almost impossible to establish. Data on corruption in cases registered in the Prosecutor’s office and the judiciary, as well as international expert agencies, allow us to state a high level of corruption in Russia.
Analysis of Indonesia’s Attractiveness as an Offshoring Destination Compared to China, India, and ASEAN Countries
Authors: Lim Sanny ; Jonathan Okto Kurnia
The research study addressed the problem of Indonesia’s potential economic growth and the country’s attractiveness as an offshoring destination. As a developing country and the fourth most populous country in the world, the future of Indonesia’s economy is bright. However, Indonesia is still not as famous as India nor China as an offshoring destination. First, the researcher wanted to understand the situation of Indonesia’s economy and what can be improved to be an attractive offshoring destination. Then, this research was using A.T. Kearney location criteria index and Farrell framework that were adopted in previous studies about the topic. The data gathered from secondary and primary sources were analyzed with the content analysis method. Result shows that Indonesia needs to ensure attractiveness and an increase in wage demand needs to be supported with the increase in the availability of more educated and government’s effort in accelerating the infrastructure development, although corruption, unstable politics, and diminishing purchasing power still produce doubts to do business in Indonesia.
Developing a Science Simulation Program to Teach the Concept of Balance in Physics: Its Development and Application for Gifted Korean Elementary Students of Science
Authors: Jeongwoo Park ; Myeong-Kyeong Shin ; Han Su Shim ; Gyeong-Geon Lee ; Sun-Kyung Lee
In this study, we focused on the development of a simulation program for a Gifted Education Center in South Korea. We introduced our simulation program, which focuses on the concept of balancing concept in physics, and analyzed students’ reasoning and perceptions. According to Brunner’s EIS (Enactive, Iconic, and Symbolic Representation) theory, the simulation was designed to be abstracted gradually from iconic to symbolic. A simulation in three stages was developed, including game-like, indirect questions such as finding the number of all cases of balance. Three classes of students in grades 5 and 6 consisting of 44 gifted students in Korea participated in this study, and their reasoning and perceptions were analyzed. The results of the analysis of students’ reasoning indicated that more than 70% of students predicted the phenomenon using mathematical models. Some students (17 out of 44 students) used particular strategies to count all cases of balance. Students perceived that the simulation program helped them to understand the phenomenon, considered that the simulation was not difficult and that the lecture, feedback, and teaching materials were satisfactory. Regarding self-participation, students perceived that they experienced new methods for exploring, were made keenly aware of phenomena and principles, made efforts to engage in creative thinking, and actively communicated with their peers through the simulation program. Through this study, we suggest an example of a gifted student program using a simulation and describe its successful application. Simulation activities, which form the context of this research, can lead to research related to computational thinking, which is crucial for our future society. We hope for more discussions to elaborate on and systematize context and methods of computer simulations.