The Journal of Social Sciences Research
Online ISSN: 2411-9458
Print ISSN: 2413-6670
Print ISSN: 2413-6670
Quarterly Published (4 Issues Per Year)
Volume 5 Number 9 September 2019
Analysis of Existing Teaching Practices at Higher Secondary Level in Punjab, Pakistan
Authors: Uzma Sarwar ; Samina Zamir ; Tariq Mehmood Bhuttah ; Zhan Yong Qi
The main objective of the present study has investigated the effects of teaching practices on performance of teachers at higher secondary level in Sargodha District. The population of the study consisted of all secondary school teachers, who teach in the higher secondary class in Sargodha District. The study sample is consisted of 400 higher secondary school teachers selected from Sargodha District. It is a survey research and descriptive by nature. Questionnaire is used in the present study for data collection. These results showed that male teachers are more agreed with full command on subject matter, relate the content with previous knowledge, develop lesson plan based on student’s needs, development and progress and prior knowledge, consult other sources of knowledge before lesson preparation while females teachers are disagree with the statements.
The Interaction of Macroeconomic Variables on Capital Inflow in Emerging Market Countries in ASEAN: Panel Error Correction Model Approach
Authors: Hasdi Aimon ; Rika Utami Restihani ; Anggi Putri Kurniadi
This study investigates the short and long-term determinants of capital inflows in emerging market countries in ASEAN using the Panel Error Correction Model. This study uses panel data with a time series from 2000 to 2017 and a cross-section of five countries (Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam). This study has three important findings. First, conditions of exchange rate, foreign reserve, and lending rate disrupt the equilibrium of capital inflow in the short term. Second, current account conditions disrupt the equilibrium in the long term. Third, capital inflow will return to equilibrium in the long term. Therefore, it is highly recommended for emerging market countries in ASEAN to stabilize the variables that disrupt the equilibrium in the long and short term to stabilize their capital inflow.
Delayed Peace and Tranquillity in Africa’s ‘Last Colony’: What Next for Western Sahara?
Authors: Daniel Chigudu
The conflicts in Western Sahara have not been resolved conclusively for 43 years now with some referring to them as ‘frozen’ conflicts in Africa’s last colony. A clear case of decolonisation turned out to be a genesis of displacement and protracted suffering of the Saharawi people from the former coloniser to another handler arguably backed by some invisible external hegemons. This study is a qualitative research using secondary data and thematic analysis to investigate Western Sahara’s unending conflicts and the way forward. Located in the conflict theory, findings indicate that the past failed interventions by the United Nations have been a result of the influence of superpowers wielding levers of power in the United Nations Security Council with vested interests in the country. Morocco the new coloniser is a neighbouring country reluctant to cede power while taping the mineral and water resources which Western Sahara is abundantly endowed with. As the Saharawi people are not obliged to give in, the conflict rages on unabated. The latest United Nations intervention could avert the conflict situation as it appears that those who had vested interests are now recoiling. The situation should not be tolerated any further and the Sahrawis deserve better, peace and tranquillity in their homeland. It is recommended that, in the letter and spirit of multilateralism, the African Union and regional economic communities across Africa should swiftly intervene even though it is now late than never.
Exploring the Probability of Bankruptcy for Conventional Insurance Companies Listed at Kuwait Stock Exchange and its Effect on Their Share Prices
Authors: Yaser A. AlKulaib ; Musaed S. AlAli
Insurance is a crucial component of any financial sector, the financial soundness of the insurance sector will result in a healthier financial system in any country. The insurance sector is responsible for transferring risk from one entity to another, for premium, to hedge against any risk of unexpected loss. For that, the insurance sector plays the role of safety net for the whole of the financial system in any country. This study aims to detect the existence of signs of financial failure for conventional insurance companies listed at Kuwait stock exchange (KSE). The study uses the Altman Model to calculate the financial failure indicators. The research also measures the relationship between the financial failure score and the share price of these companies. The analysis is based on the belief that financial reports provide information to investors which can be taken as indicators of the financial failure or success of companies. This information will affect investment decisions which, in turn, will be reflected on the share price. This study is based on the financial data of conventional insurance companies listed at Kuwait stock exchange for the period spanning from 2010 to 2017. A panel data collected from the financial statements of the four conventional insurance companies listed at the stock market were used to calculate the financial failure score for these companies. Ordinary least squared (OLS) regression method, is then used to evaluate the relation between Altman’s z-score and the share price of these companies. Results obtained from this study showed that conventional insurance companies operating in Kuwait had a healthy financial positions and therefore safe from bankruptcy risk. The study also revealed that there was no statistically significant relation between Altman’s score and the share price indicating that the financial failure score does not have an effect on share price of conventional insurance companies listed at Kuwait stock exchange.
The Role of Personality Traits in Predicting Senior High School Students’ Academic Buoyancy
Authors: Meilani Rohinsa ; Surya Cahyadi ; Achmad Djunaidi ; Tb. Zulrizka Iskandar
All students have to face academic pressures, setbacks and challenges that are part of their everyday academic life. The capacity to deal with this, i.e. ‘academic buoyancy’, is needed to reduce the impact of academic adversity. Since academic buoyancy may be associated with personality, our study explored the role of personality trait, especially the ‘big five’, as predictors of the academic buoyancy in senior high school students in an Eastern culture. Methods: Using quota sampling, 356 respondents were sampled from the eight largest senior high schools in Bandung, Indonesia. Five personality factors were measured using the Big Five Inventory. Furthermore, academic buoyancy was assessed utilizing the Academic Buoyancy Scale. Multiple regression analysis was used to analyze the predictive value of each trait for academic buoyancy. Result: Academic buoyancy appears to be related to personality differences. We found three personality traits which predicted positively and signiﬁcantly academic buoyancy, namely Conscientiousness, Agreeableness and Extraversion. Conclusions: The study has provided a new understanding of the relevance of personality for academic student’s life. Implications and differences in relation between personality and academic buoyancy in senior high school’ student are discussed.
Evaluating Perceived Quality Factor in Affecting Customer Purchasing Behaviour
Authors: Yuliyanah Sarudin ; Sarina Ismail
The main model examined in this study is the Aaker model of brand equity. The model views perceived quality as the major aspect of brand equity model. This study focuses on facial beauty care brands in Klang Valley, Malaysia. The data were collected using questionnaires distributed to female consumers of facial care products who are aged 18 and above. The respondents must have experiences in using facial beauty care products. The sets of questionnaire were distributed using the intercept method. In all, 311 sets of questionnaire were deemed as valid in this study. In this regard, the result indicated that perceived quality has no significant link with the actual purchase of facial beauty care products in Malaysia.
How Does Financial Analysis Influence the Firm's Failure of Iraqi Private Sector?
Authors: Mohammed Alhamdi ; Ridha Malik Al-Sayed Noor ; Mostafa Abdulla ; Alhamzah Alnoor ; Bilal Eneizan
The objective of this study is to examine the failure of construction companies services by using Abbas and Rashid Model. This study comprised sample of 38 companies in construction companies services at Iraq. A Wilcoxon Test was used to compare between the Abbas and Rashid Model & Kida Model. Data were gathered from the construction companies services listed on the Iraq financial market for the period 2012-2015. This study results show that the Kida Model is the best model where it is most accurate in predicting the failure in the construction companies services in Iraq. The data for this study are collected from the construction companies that listed in the Iraqi financial market. Recommendations for future research are needed to conduct similar studies to compare the models for predicting company failure in other sectors such as the industrial sector.
The Impact of Comprehensive Income on Owners Equity at the Jordanian Commercial Banks, Analytical Study
Authors: Mohammad Ali Al Hayek ; Abdel-Rahman kh. El-Dalabeeh
The study aimed to examine the impact of comprehensive income statement’s items on the owners equity of Jordanian commercial banks, and to achieve this objective researcher conducted an analytical study by adopting the descriptive and analytical approach, and used the statistical method to analyze the study data represented in the actual data, which were taken from the financial statements of the (13) Jordanian commercial banks for the period (2008-2017). The study found a statistically significant impact of comprehensive income statement’s items on the owners equity of Jordanian commercial banks, and in regard to the secondary hypotheses the study results showed nonexistence of statistically significant impact of net income on the owners equity of Jordanian commercial banks, but found a statistically significant impact for each of the other comprehensive income and comprehensive net income on the owners equity of Jordanian commercial banks. One of the main recommendations of the study will be to increase the attention to comprehensive income, due to its impact on the owners equity, and to conduct additional studies about the impact and the relationship of study variables at the public shareholding companies, in other sectors.
Internal Control Factors Influencing the Operational Efficiency of Non-Financial Companies Listed on Vietnam’s Stock Exchange
Authors: Hai Huu Do
Purpose to assess the influence of the factors on the operational efficiency of non-financial companies listed on Vietnam’s stock exchange. The study in factors influencing on the internal control system in non-financial companies listed on Vietnam’s stock exchange has drawn a brief description of related issues and assessed the influence of the factors on the operational efficiency of non-financial companies listed on Vietnam’s stock exchange. Findings: the Information and Communication has the most influence on the operational efficiency, then Risk Assessment, Control Environment and Monitoring. The Control Activities has the least influence on the operational efficiency.
Marketing and Competitive Advantage: From Formation of Organizational Culture to Achieving Customer Value-based Advantage
Authors: Mahdi Ghandi Arani ; Manoochehr Najmi
One of the dominant paradigms in marketing strategy is achieving competitive advantage based on customer value. But the key challenge is how organizations can achieve value-based competitive advantage. The central theoretical contribution of this paper is to provide a conceptual framework that demonstrates how marketing through a series of causal chain can contribute to the competitive advantage of organizations. Based on this conceptual framework, the role of marketing initially begins with the formation of an organizational culture around two axes of market orientation and relational marketing. Then, formation of such a culture in the organization leads to the enhancing marketing resources. Resources alone are not effective in the performance of the organization; these resources show their impact when used in business processes. So we demonstrate how marketing resources exploited in business processes. These processes are a collection of strategic marketing capabilities that are categorized in different domains. Finally, it is shown that excellence in marketing capabilities leads to competitive advantage based on customer value.