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Volume 7 Number 4 December 2021

The RP3 Program to Promote Language for Early Childhood

Authors: Warunsicha Supprasert ; Piyathida Khajornchaikul
Pages: 187-192
DOI: doi.org/10.32861/jssr.74.187.192
Thailand had Family Development Center (FDC) Staff for family promotion and development to strengthen warm relations and social immunization of family members in the community. The RP3 program has been created to enhance the language development skills of people working with small children. This paper examines the effectiveness of the RP3 Program on improving FDC staff skills in early childhood language development in rural Thai communities. A quasi-experimental design was used with 40 FDC staff in each group. The intervention group received the RP3 Program. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire and analyzed using paired t-test and independent t-test. The results revealed that the intervention group had significantly higher mean scores in self-efficacy after attending the program than before, and also significantly higher than the comparison group (p<0.001). This shows that FDC staff may be able to upgrade and change attitudes through intervention programs and have more belief in their ability to guide their parents. This study may be valuable for local authorities and relevant sectors as a guideline for FDC staff by considering the context of the organization and the community.

Digital Divide and Online Instruction Delivery Readiness Among Nigerian Universities in an Era of COVID-19

Authors: Omorobi Garieth Omorobi ; Eton Idorenyin Clement ; Chuktu Onyinye
Pages: 177-186
DOI: doi.org/10.32861/jssr.74.177.186
This study on the digital divide and online instructional delivery readiness among universities in Nigeria employed the descriptive survey research design. Six universities were selected in South-South, Nigeria. These include two federal, two-state, and two privately-owned universities. The selected universities are the University of Calabar, University of Benin, (federally owned), River State University of Science and Technology; Cross River University of Technology (state universities) and Arthur Jarvis University, Akpabuyo and Benson Idahosa University Benin City (private universities) all in South-South Zone, Nigeria. Three faculties were selected from each university. These include Education, Science and Social Sciences. Different departments were randomly selected within each of the selected faculties. The population of the study was 10,274 undergraduate students during the 2020 academic session. A random sampling procedure was employed to choose undergraduates from all levels in the selected departments using a sampling percentage of 20% to give a sample size of 2,596. The instrument for data collection was a questionnaire. The questionnaire collected data on demography, availability of ICT infrastructure, staff and students ICT skills, factors deepening the divide, and online instruction readiness of universities. Data collected were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Science version 23 (SPSS) to get frequency and percentages. The results from the analyses reveal that a greater percentage of the students are highly proficient in ICT skills, private universities had more ICTs than public universities, and it was also though private universities were ready, the sampled public universities were not technically ready for online instructional delivery.

Commuter Care Management and Sustainability of Road Transport Firms

Authors: Usoro A. A. ; Dadiowei O. M. ; Etuk I. U. ; Esu B. B. ; Ogbang C. E. ; Ele A. A.
Pages: 169-176
DOI: doi.org/10.32861/jssr.74.169.176
To be a going concern, road transportation firms like other organizations have to go beyond the usual goal of just making a profit to always keeping their commuters satisfied with the nature of services rendered to them. This study examined commuter care management and the sustainability of road transport firms in the South-South region, Nigeria. The study sought to investigate two dimensions of commuter care specifically waiting for time and employees’ attitude and the influence of these on commuter referrals and retention respectively. A Cross-sectional survey was carried out where data were collected using a structured questionnaire. A sample size of three was used for the transportation companies while a sample size of 329 was used for the commuters. The simple linear regression statistical tool was used in analyzing the data through the aid of the E-View 19 statistical package. Findings from the study revealed that there exists a significant positive influence of waiting time on commuter referrals and of employee attitude on commuter referrals. It was therefore recommended that management of road transport firms should ensure that commuters do not wait for too long before the take-off time, they should make sure vehicles are serviced, fuelled and take off as at when scheduled; employees should also be constantly trained to ensure their attitude to commuters are appropriate.

Demographics Variables and Athletes’ Performance in Track Events in Calabar Metropolis, Cross River State

Authors: Pauline E. Ekuri ; Nsagha N. Osaji ; Emmanuel Ahueansebhor
Pages: 158-168
DOI: doi.org/10.32861/jssr.74.158.168
This research studied the performance of athletes in 100m, 200m, 400m, and 4 x 400m relay races in secondary schools based on two demographic variables (age and experience). The bivariate and interactive effects of these variables were assessed based on three null hypotheses formulated to guide the study. The research is quantitative and followed the ex-post facto design. The population comprised 1,180 junior and senior secondary schools students in 24 public secondary schools in Calabar Metropolis. A total of 863 students were selected based on their previous experiences in track events. Data were collected using a questionnaire tagged “Performance in Track Events Questionnaire (PTEQ). Collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics; while inferential statistics such as one- and two-way ANOVA were used to test the null hypotheses at the .05 level of significance. No significant influence of age on athletes’ performance in all the track events was found. Athletes experience significantly influenced their performance in all the track events. There is a significant interaction of age and experience on athletes’ performance in all track events in secondary schools. It was concluded that some demographic variables affect student-athletes performance in track events, while others do not. Based on this conclusion, relevant practical and research implications were discussed for sustained or improved performance in track events.