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Volume 7 Number 2 April 2021

Milestone of World Pandemics: A Review on Remedy for COVID-19 Diseases to Revitalize Human Race from Deadly Corona Virus

Authors: Adedayo Olajide Ajayi
Pages: 27-33
DOI: doi.org/10.32861/jbr.72.27.33
Viruses are microscopic organisms that can only grow within living host cells. Various types of animals such as Rats, Bat, Cows, snakes, and related wild animals can serve as vehicles of transmission of this group of organisms. Novel SARS-CoV-2 belongs to the Coronaviridae family that was reported to have emanated from Wuhan, China in December 2019. It alerts world response against strange viral respiratory disease. As the world reflects on pandemics historically. Epidemics like the London plague of 1665 and the Plague that emanates from Marseille, France of 1720 claimed millions of lives. Among the most dreadful world pandemics are the “Antonine Plague” which occurred in 165AD and claimed 5 million lives in Egypt, Asia, Italy, and Greece. “Plague of Justinian” was reported to have occurred between the years 541 and 542. In addition to this, “The Flu Pandemic” is also referred to as Spanish flu ravaged the world during the year 1918 to 1920, which is about a century ago.”3rd Plague of 1855” originated from China and was responsible for the death of 10 million Indians within one year.” The Black Death” which is a 7 years long pandemic devastated the world between the years 1346 to 1353. It leads to the death of half of the global population and was by far the worst pandemic. HIV-AIDS has peak record deaths between 2005-2012. In the year 2019/2020 COVID-19 broke out severely than MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV which occurred in recent years. One possible best approach for the control of COVID-19 diseases caused by SARS-CoV-2 is to improve the hosts’ immune system. Evidence shows that inflammatory conditions militate against the immune systems of COVID-19 patients. Some other control strategies will include the use of face masks, physical distancing, hand washing, or use of alcohol-based sanitizers and related personal hygiene are important to contain the diseases.

Infleuence of Vermicompost, Amirthakaraisal and Abda Gold on the Growth of Capsicum annum

Authors: J. Ketsiyal ; A. Joseph Thatheyus
Pages: 18-26
DOI: doi.org/10.32861/jbr.72.18.26
Organic farming has emerged as a crucial priority area globally in view of the growing demand for safe and healthy food and future sustainability and concerns on environmental pollution associated with indiscriminate use of agrochemicals. The effect of vermicompost, amirthakaraisal, and AbdAgold separately and in combination on the growth of Capsicum annum was determined by studying the parameters germination percentage, root length, shoot length, wet weight, dry weight, chlorophyll A, B and total chlorophyll content, and protein content. Application of vermicompost, and amirthakaraisal, in the field, enhance the growth parameters in Capsicum annum.