Volume 4 Number 3 March 2018

Screening of Sesame Germplasms Against Bacterial Blight (Xanthomonas campestris pv. sesami) at Metema Ethiopia

Authors: Asfaw Azanaw ; Yirga Belay ; Yohannes Ebabuye ; Yohans kefale ; Getalew Ayizengaw
Pages: 15-17
Bacterial blight is one of the major diseases which inflect heavy losses in sesame production.  This experiment was initiated to screen sesame germplasms against bacterial blight under field condition. The experiment has been conducted at Metema station on 2015 and 2016 cropping seasons. A total of 70 genotypes were evaluated and simple plot in one replication in a plot size of 5m length and with a recommended spacing of 10 cm x 40 cm between plant and row respectively were used. Diseases and agronomic data were collected and subjected to descriptive statistical analysis using SAS software.  In both seasons genotype WARC-063, WARC-082, WARC-073, WARC-074, WARC-076 and Abasena were moderately resistant and high yielders. These genotypes seem to have some significant stability for resistance of infection with X. campistris pv sesame. Breeders should consider them as a source of resistance in breeding programme.