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Volume 5 Number 12 December 2019

Effects of Community Based Nutrition Education Programme on Nutritional Knowledge of Rural Women in Idemili South Local Government Area

Authors: Orajekwe Veronica Ngozi
Pages: 124-127
DOI: doi.org/10.32861/ajls.512.124.127
The study was undertaken to investigate the effects of community based nutrition education programme on nutritional knowledge of rural women in Idemili South Local Government Area of Anambra State, Nigeria. In line with the objectives of the study three research questions and two null hypotheses were postulated. Related literatures were reviewed and summarized. Descriptive survey research design was adopted. The accessible population for the study consisted of all the women in the social clubs in the 7 towns that make up Idemili South Local Government Area. The sample consisted of 204 mothers in all the nine social clubs in the randomly selected nine villages. Data were gathered by means of structured questionnaire. Data obtained were analysed using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 15. The research questions were answered using mean gain scores. The hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance using t-test. The finding among others showed that there was a significant difference (p<0.001) in the mean gain nutritional knowledge score of the respondents before and after nutrition education. Based on the findings, conclusions and recommendations were made pertinent among which is the need to include nutrition education programmes in the women annual general meeting and other women gathering in Nigeria. This is intended to expose women to accurate nutrition information which will improve their nutrition knowledge of their families.

Reproductive Performance of New Zealand White, Dutch and Their Crosses Raised in Rivers State, Niger Delta of Nigeria

Authors: Ologbose F. I. ; Benneth H. N.
Pages: 121-123
DOI: doi.org/10.32861/ajls.512.121.123
A total of twenty- four breeding rabbits of New Zealand White (NZW), Dutch (DUT) and their crosses (NZW x DUT) i.e. Eight (8) female rabbits (doe) for each genotype were used to determine the effects of breeds on the reproductive performance of rabbits in Rivers State, Niger Delta, Nigeria, as well as to investigate the correlation between the genotypes and the reproductive performance. The following reproductive performance were considered: Body weight before mating ( BWBM ), Body weight after mating ( BWAM ), Body weight before kindling (BWBK), Body weight after kindling (BWAK ), Litter size (LS), Litter weight (LW) and Average litter weight (ALW). Body weight was measured using weighing balance. Data generated were analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS).  The result showed significant different (p< 0.05) in BWBM and BWAM between DUT and NZW x DUT breeds of rabbits, DUT recorded the highest value of BWBM and BWAM while NZW x DUT had the least performance. However, there was no significant different (p>0.05) in reproductive performance between NZW and DUT. Furthermore, NZW recorded the highest value in BWBK, BWAK and ALW. There was no significant different (p> 0.05) among the genotypes for BWBK, L S, L W and ALW. BWAK showed a significant difference between DUT and NZW x DUT. More so, NZW x DUT recorded the highest values for L S and LW. The results also showed that genotypes effect had negative correlation with BWBW, BWAM, BWAK, BWBK and ALW with correlation values of -0.64, -0.64, -0.207, 0.385 and 0.045 respectively. The genotypes of rabbits also revealed a high correlation between BWBM and BWAM. BWAK showed a high correlation between BWAM and BWBK.

Synthesis of Some Alicyclic Oximes and Study of the Expected Conformational Isomerism

Authors: Ramadan Ali Bawa ; Aya Ramadan Swairi
Pages: 116-120
DOI: doi.org/10.32861/ajls.512.116.120
Five alicyclic oximes 1 – 5 have been readily synthesized in moderate to good yields. These oximes were obtained through a reaction between the hydroxylamine hydrochloride and a number of alicyclic ketones (cylobutanone, cyclopentanone, cyclohexanone, cycloheptanone and cyclooctanone) under mild reaction conditions. The spectroscopic data confirmed the formation of the first four oximes 1 – 4 as single conformational isomers. However, the cyclooctanone oxime 5 was obtained as a mixture of two conformational isomers with 81% for the major and only 19% for the minor isomer. Such finding could be an indication for the relationship between the increase of the ring size of the oxime and the raising possibility of the formation of conformational isomers as the flexibility of the ring increases.

Growth Performance and Heamato-Biochemical Parameters of Broilers Chicken Fed Different Levels of Pakia Biglobosa Leaf Extracts

Authors: Alagbe J.O.
Pages: 107-115
DOI: doi.org/10.32861/ajls.512.107.115
This experiment was conducted to evaluate the growth performance and some hemato-biochemical parameters of broilers fed different levels of Pakia biglobosa leaf extract (BPE). Two hundred and fifty (250) one day old (Ross 308) broiler chicks were randomly assigned to five treatments with five replicate consisting of ten (10) bird each in a completely randomized design. Treatment 1 contained 0% BPE, Treatment 2, 3, 4 and 5 contained 5ml, 10ml, 15ml and 20ml per liter of water respectively. Clean feed and water were offered ad libitum throughout the experiment which lasted for 7 weeks during which data on performance, hematology and serum biochemical traits were collected. Results revealed that BPE had a significant (p<0.05) effect on final weight, feed conversion ratio and mortality rate. Birds given 20ml (T5) BPE recorded the highest weight gain (1846.1g) followed by 15ml (T4) with 1839.1g, 10ml (T3) with 1763.1, 5ml (T2) with 1757.1g and 0ml (T1) with 1679.0g respectively. BPE had no significant (p>0.05) on the feed intake of the birds. There was no significant (p>0.05) difference in PCV, Hb, RBC, MCV, MCH and MCHC values among the treatment. However, WBC and its differentials were significantly (p<0.05) influenced by BPE. Significant influences were not observed for albumin, globulin and total protein. Serum glutamic oxaloacetate transaminase (SGOT) and Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) were significantly affected (P<0.05) as the level of BPE increased in the water of the animals. It was concluded BPE can be safely included in the water of birds at 15ml and 20ml without any deleterious effect on the performance and health of the animals.