The Journal of Social Sciences Research
Online ISSN: 2411-9458
Print ISSN: 2413-6670
Print ISSN: 2413-6670
Volume 5 Number 11 November 2019
Decentralisation and Corruption in the Forestry Sector
Authors: Moh. Fadli ; Joko Purnomo
Decentralisation aims to improve social welfare. However, the authority held by regional governments increases the opportunities for corruption in the forestry sector. The aim of this research is to elaborate on problematic decentralisation and corruption in the forestry sector; additionally, the study considers the change in forest management policy before, during, and after decentralisation in a discussion of the measures taken to eradicate regional corruption in the forestry sector. The findings indicate that holders of large amounts of capital are influential in politics, leading to legislation that favor’s individual interests over the welfare of low-income populations. The integrity and commitment of regional heads determine whether a region is corruption-free. The following could help reduce corruption that damages the environment within regional areas: (1) enforcing the commitment of regional heads to eradicating corruption; (b) strengthening the structure of law enforcement; and (c) strengthening community groups. It is recommended that the government enforce the integrity of regional heads and maintain an internal commitment in all areas to eradicating corruptors.
Analysis of Economic Growth and Structural Changes and the Implication for Choice of Development Strategy: A Case Study of Pasaman Regency
Authors: Adrimas ; Harif Amali Rivai ; Dewi Sartika
The average economic growth rate of Pasaman Regency before the administrative division (1993-2002) was 5.8%, then after the division increased slightly to an average of 5.9%. This figure is far lower than the rate of growth of the New Autonomous Region of West Pasaman Regency (6.4 %). After the division, agricultural and mining sectors became more dominant in the economy of Pasaman making up 54.6% but the contribution of the manufacturing sector declined sharply from 10.3% to 4.6% as most of the existing Pasaman processing industry became part of West Pasaman. The comparative advantages of Pasaman Regency are mainly in the sectors: agriculture, forestry and freshwater fisheries. The district’s economic growth is mainly influenced by factors originating from outside the region as indicated by the relatively high regional-share component of 159%. While regional division has benefited West Pasaman, it has provided no significant benefit for the parent region which can still be categorized as underdeveloped. An analysis of the Klassen Typology Matrix indicates that policies and programs that are relevant for the development of disadvantaged areas should be directed at providing employment through the use of labor-intensive technologies. This development should focus on agriculture, forestry and freshwater fisheries producing products with a significantly extensive market.
How Ethical Leadership Supports Employee Performance: The Role of Psychological Capital and Employee Engagement
Authors: Thi-Trang-Nhung Nguyen ; Thi-Minh-Ngoc Luu
This research investigated the relationship between ethical leadership and employee performance using data from the employees in Vietnamese service firms. We examined four dimensions of psychological capital (efficacy, hope, resilience, and optimism), and employee engagement as mediators of the ethical leadership to two dimensions of employee performance (task performance and contextual performance) relationship. Results from 563 respondents of 73 service firms revealed that ethical leadership was positively and significantly related to task performance and contextual performance and that this relationship was mediated by four dimensions of psychological capital and employee engagement, and work experience and education level, controlling for task performance and contextual performance. We discuss implication of our findings for theory and practice.
Identifying and Prioritizing the Relationship Marketing Factors Affecting the Customer Satisfaction with Services Section of the Tejarat Bank through the Application of Q Methodology
Authors: Ali Tohidi Moghaddam
The present research project aims at studying the impressions and beliefs of the customers of Tejarat Bank in order to identify and prioritize the factors of relationship marketing which help increase the satisfaction of the customers with the service section of Tejarat Bank of Hamadan, Iran. It is a mixed exploratory study conducted based on Q methodology. The statistical community of the study comprised all the customers of the central branch of the bank who had, at least, one kind of account in it and were considered as active customers. Finally 30 customers were aimfully selected for the study by using a focused group discussion technique. Based on the interviews conducted with the customers through focused group discussions, 21 Q phrases were extracted. The phrases were then handed out to the customers in the form of a questionnaire with 21 items and an answer sheet (Q diagram). They were asked to give their agreement or disagreement with the items provided. Then after collecting the data which were gained through regulating the Q, they were analyzed by using factor-analysis method. The results thus found showed that the customers have introduced the five cases of trust, commitment, conflict handling, relationship and competence as the main factors of relationship marketing. The identified factors were then prioritized, and this showed that, from the viewpoints of the customers, the variables of trust, commitment and conflict handling were the most important ones in increasing the customer satisfaction.
Challenges of Capacity Building for Women’s Group in the Coastal Area
This study aims to evaluate institutional capacity building program and their impact on the welfare of coastal women. The study employed qualitative method and data was collected through structured interviews and observations on the lives of coastal women’s families. A total of 5 group leaders and 25 group members were investigated in this study. The study identifies four main finding. First, the capacity building program was carried out sporadically and unstructured so that it did not have a significant impact on the development of the group and its members. Second, the absence of mentoring and marketing assistance for group business products. Third, the training program was effective in increase the ability of women in groups to process seaweed into various types of processed food, but are constrained by capital and product marketing issues so that their skills cannot be utilized optimally. And fourth, capacity building programs give little attention to the socio-cultural problems of the community, even though Cultural issues are an important factor in increasing the capacity of women’s groups.
The Intellectualisation of the Malay Language in Interreligious Dialogue
Authors: Munif Zarirruddin Fikri Nordin
The Malay language is the national language of Malaysia’s multireligious and multiracial society. Due to a close association between Islam and Malay, the Muslim hegemony controls the religious truth of the meaning and interpretation in the Malay language. However, to enhance the role of the Malay language to be an inclusive religious language, it is important to intellectualise the language through interreligious dialogue in Malaysia. The study aims at (1) analysing the needs of the intellectualisation of the Malay language as a religious language in Malaysian interreligious dialogue, and (2) explaining the process of the intellectualisation of the Malay language in Malaysian interreligious dialogue. The main approaches of the study are Syed Hussein Alatas (1977) idea of intellectualism in the sociology of development and Asmah Haji Omar (1993) suggestion of intellectualisation in language planning. There are two types of data. Firstly, the news on interreligious dialogue in Berita Harian, an online Malay newspaper. Secondly, the answers given by four sociolinguists in their interviews covering questions on the needs and the process of the intellectualisation of the Malay language. The intellectualisation of the Malay language refers to the ability of the language to express intellectually the religious messages of all religions in Malaysia, which can be done through two different ways: linguistic and non-linguistic perspectives. The findings suggest that the intellectualisation of the Malay language as a religious language in Malaysian interreligious dialogue has strong potential for strengthening mutual understanding, respect and tolerance among the followers of different religions who participate in the dialogue.
Comparison of Authority of Village Government Before and After the Implementation of Law Number 6 of 2014 Concerning Village
Authors: Ahmad Yamin ; Nyoman Nurjaya ; Idrus Abdullah ; Gatot Dwi Hendro W.
The village, or what is called by another name, existed before Indonesian independence. Regulations regarding villages are regulated in several laws and regulations. The purpose of this research is to analyze and find a comparison of the authority of village administration before and after the implementation of Law no. 6 of 2014. Research methods, types of normative legal research, with philosophical approaches, statutory approaches, conceptual approaches, and historical approaches, using primary, secondary and tertiary legal materials. The obtained legal materials are processed and analyzed prescriptive normatively. In conclusion, the comparison of village government authority before the implementation of Law No. 6 of 2014 places the village authority in two roles, namely the authority to manage its own household, and the role as the lowest government under the sub-district head, and the uniformity of villages throughout the territory of the Republic of Indonesia, before the implementation of the Law No.6 of 2014, the authority of the village government remains with the district/city government, so that the authority of the village government is always in a truncated and amputated position.
Tourists’ Perceived Destination Competitiveness in Protected Areas: The Case of Semenggoh Nature Reserve
Authors: Jun-Zhou Thong ; May-Chiun Lo ; Mohamad Kadim Suaidi ; Abang Azlan Mohamad ; Chee-Hua Chin
Ecotourism is referred to sustainable tourism, whereby responsible travel is endorsed, especially in natural areas that emphasize on relaxation. In Malaysia, the richness of natural areas leads ecotourism to become one of the rapidly growing industries within the nation. Thus, there is a need for complete understanding of ecotourism practice in planning, developing, and resources management to ensure sustainability without causing environmental degradation. Over the decades, people are progressively pursuing for reconnection with the nature for pukka natural experiences during their travel. This study intends to identify the impacts of natural resources, accessibility, cultural uniqueness, carrying capacity, and perceived values on tourism destination competitiveness from tourists’ perspectives. A total of 157 respondents had participated in completing the questionnaire. WarpPLS (version 6.0) was applied to assess the developed model based on path modelling followed by bootstrapping. The results revealed that accessibility and cultural uniqueness are positively and significantly correlated to tourism destination competitiveness based on tourists’ perspectives. Surprisingly, natural resources, carrying capacity, and perceived values were observed to be no significant relationship with tourism destination competitiveness. The implications, limitations, and directions for future research are further discussed.
The Impact of the Decisions of the COBIT 5 Committee on the Effectiveness of the Internal Control Systems in the Jordanian Industrial Joint Stock Companies
Authors: Osama Ali ; Saqer Al-tahat ; Khaleel Al-Duleemi ; Dr. Jamal Al-Afeef ; Dr. Hamza Al-hawamdah
The objective of this study was to identify the impact of IT governance under the COBIT5 framework on the effectiveness of internal control systems in Jordanian industrial companies. In order to achieve the objectives of this study, the descriptive and analytical methodology was used. The study society is composed of the accounting and financial departments, the number of (65) questionnaires were distributed to each company from the study sample of (43) companies, the researchers retrieved (97) questionnaires. After reviewing the retrieved questionnaires it was found that there are (4) questionnaires that are not valid for the statistical analysis. And thus the suitable number of questionnaires for analysis is (93). In order to analyze the study data and test hypotheses, the SPSS program was used in the various statistical analyzes, descriptive statistics and the internal consistency coefficient (Kronbach Alpha). The multiple linear correlation test was also used using the Pearson correlation coefficient and the variance inflation coefficient, Analysis of simple and multiple linear regression. The study reached several results, the most important of which was the existence of a strong and statistically significant relationship between the implementation of COBIT5’s decisions (planning and organization, acquisition and implementation, service provision and support, evaluation and observation). The study concluded with several recommendations, the most important of which was the increase in the degree of companies’ use of the pioneering brainstorming method in the qualification of employees within the companies and evaluating their performance according to the COBIT framework.5 In addition to the need for companies To develop future plans to activate the concept of control and auditing in the environment of the computer and the gradual transition to modern control methods, including automatic control under the COBIT5 framework.
Market Conduct and Derivative Product Development of CPO and PKO in Solok City, Indonesia
Authors: Firwan Tan ; Endrizal Ridwan ; Lisa Nesti ; Dewi Sartika
This study is to analyze the relationship between market conduct and product development. The research is focused on the case of CPO and PKO derivative product development. The research question is that whether market conduct support or not the development of CPO and PKO derivative products in Solok City? For this purpose, there are six aspects are necessary to be analyzed: (i) by using time series data (2010-2018), the hypothesis testing of price relationship equation between the dependent variable, i.e: Pp which is considered as the realization of buying price of FFB at the farmer’s level, with several related independent variables. The results show that each parameter coefficient of independent variables marked by positive sign and smaller than one, except for ETC parameter coefficient which is marked by negative sign and smaller than one. Those facts indicate that there is a big possibility of opportunity opened for creation and development of derivative products of CPO and PKO; (ii) by calculating RCA indices of CPO (2004-2018), the finding is RCAs>1 in average which implies that the development of CPO derivative products has a comparative advantage. (iii) the LQ values for most of business fields and industry in forming GRDP of Solok City is in average greater than 1 (one) which implies that market opportunities are opened for those sectors to be developed as the engine of mover economic growth of the regions. (iv) HDIs of Solok City (2014-2018) are in average equal to 77.00. (v) the palm oil industry tree shows that there are many possibilities of creating and developing CPO and PKO derivative products. (vi) the location of Solok City is quite strategic as the center for industrial derivative product development of CPO and PKO in Sumatra. All findings confirm that the existing condition of market conduct supports the development of CPO and PKO derivative products industries in Solok City.
Observation the Implementation of Business Knowledge Management System in Creative Industry in Achieving Compatitive Advantage (Study in Visual Communication Design Business in Riau Province, Indonesia)
Authors: Yanti Mayasari Ginting ; Elfindri ; Hafiz Rahman ; Dodi Devianto
The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of business Knowledge Management System (KMS) of creative industry in the visual communication design sub-sector to attain sustainable competitive advantage. This research is a quantitative research using survey method with a questionnaire as the instrument. The population in this study consists of business owners, business managers, and creative workers in the business of visual communication design sub-sector located in Riau, Indonesia. The sample size is 202 and the sampling method used is purposive sampling, there are 34 questions in the questionnaire and analyzed by using SEM AMOS. This study found that KMS of the business effect sustainable competitive advent age. Both basic competing strategies and strategic competitiveness can be used as dimensions of sustainable competitive advantage. This study is conducted in Visual Communication Design so that it needs to be extended to other sub-sectors to further validate the model.
Attitude, Subjective Norm, and Whistleblowing Intention on Higher Education
Authors: Sukirman ; Retnoningrum Hidayah ; Dhini Suryandari ; Ima Nur Khayati ; Fakhruddin ; Haryono ; Heri Yanto
This study aims to obtain empirical evidence of the influence of subject norms and attitudes on whistleblowing intentions. The population of this study is employees of accounting and finance department of Universitas Negeri Semarang. The research sample applied convenience sampling technique. The analysis used was PLS SEM analysis. The results of the study indicate that the attitudes and subjective norms of employees have a significant influence on whistleblowing intentions. The results of the study reinforce the theory of planned behavior that attitudes and subjective norms influence one’s intention to act. This study gives a major contribution to the organization. Management of employees emotional is extremely needed to drive their attitudes and subjective norms to be a good whistleblower. For further research, it should involve a moderating variable such as organizational support to obtain more comprehensive research results.
Impactful Social Media on Family Living with Mentally Disordered Members in Rural Areas
Authors: Sugeng Mashudi ; Ah Yusuf ; Rika Subarniati Triyoga
Objective: This study explores the impact of social media on family who live with mentally disordered members in rural areas of Ponorogo, East Java Province. Various efforts have been made to determine whether or not social media can help families in rural areas deal with serious stress because of living with their mentally disordered members. Method: This study involves 160 members with mental disorder and their family. Stress is measured based on Lazarus and Folkman theory. Data are analyzed using the Sperman test with SPSS software. Results: Using Beck criteria, it was found that 60% (N = 160) of families feel stressed. Interestingly, there was a significance difference of stress experienced by the social media users and non-social media users (p value= 0.002). There are 31.3% of social media users who are less stressed while 68.7% non-social media users felt more stressed. Conclusion: This study verifies the stress experienced by familes who live with mentally disordered members. It can be concluded that the families who use social media are less stressed even though they live with mentally disordered members. It means social media can prevent stress. In addition, it is recommended that counseling and psychological training should be designed by considering participants’ gender and level of education.
A Mapping of Job Opportunities for Indonesian Migrant Workers in the Malaysian Manufacturing Industry
Authors: Sri Wahyuni ; Nasri Bachtiar ; Elfindri ; Endrizal Ridwan
This paper aims to place Indonesian migrant workers based on a mapping from the estimation of the demand function of foreign workers and the efficiency of production costs. The demand function of foreign workers and the function of production costs are obtained through a derivation in the function of Constant Elasticity of Substitution (CES) production. The mapping of Indonesian migrant workers placement applies five scenarios by the assumption that local wage constantly increased using panel data from the Malaysian manufacturing industries, period 2002-2015. The result found that the relationship of all foreign workers with local workers at various levels of skills in the manufacturing industry is substitution. The priority for high-skilled which is a priority for placing Indonesian migrant workers is manufacturing industries with CA code and CI code, middle-skilled is manufacturing industries with CB code, CI code, and CJ code, low-skilled is manufacturing industries with CA code, CL code, and Other manufacturing industries.
Climatic Comfort Potentials in the View of Tourism in Ilam Province Using Equivalent Temperature Index (ETI) and Discomfort Index (DI)
Authors: Mohammad Ghafourizade ; Mohammed Saligheh ; Mohammed Hossein Nasserzadeh
The purpose of present research is to assess Ilam provincial climate in the view of tourism using Equivalent Temperature Index Discomfort Index. In this regard, it was used dataset of National Meteorology Organization and statistics of General planning and management Department, Ilam provincial stations (& stations) from the date of their opening to the end of 2016. Then, collected data were considered by two respective indices. Discomfort Index will calculate the rate of human discomfort in relation to thermal factor using air temperature, relative humidity (RH) and wind rate. Equivalent Temperature Index will assess common effects of temperature on living organism in relation to air temperature and evaporation. Results obtained from Ilam provincial tourism climate by means of Equivalent Temperature Index showed that the lowest and highest annual scores were related to Ilam and Dehloran cities, respectively. Results of Discomfort Index (DI) showed that the lowest and highest DI scores related to Ilam city in January and Dehloran city in July were 614 and 28.8, respectively. Based on obtained results, Ilam province had two different spatial and temporal spans for tourism. Tow that, in regard to tourist attraction, if northern region has optimal conditions in one season, at the same time, there is no optimal conditions in southern regions.
The Impact of Factors on Human Capital Quality: A Study of Economics Students in Vietnam
Authors: Thi Ngoc Lan Nguyen ; Song Hoa Vu ; Thanh Hang Pham ; Van Cong Nguyen
This research aims to investigate the suitable measurement method of human capital quality and its indicators including both extrinsic and intrinsic factors. Research data were collected randomly from more than 400 students per chosen university in different academic years at the current five most famous economic universities in Vietnam, with 1796 observations and 2100 questionnaires. By combining the use of qualitative and quantitative methods with the support of EVIEW 10 and STATA 22 software, the study was conducted evaluate the impact of four extrinsic factors (academic staffs, administration services, curriculum structure, and infrastructure) and seven intrinsic factors that reflect students’ motivation (learning purpose, acquiring knowledge ability, learning method, hardworking, self-awareness, and relationship development) on human capital quality (expressed through knowledge, skills, and attitudes). The research results indicate that students’ motivation is the most important factor promoting human capital quality whereas administration services and infrastructure has a negative impact on human capital quality. Furthermore, while academic staffs only influence slightly and positively on students’ attitudes curriculum structure can impact both students’ skills and attitudes.