Volume 7 Number 2 June 2022

γ-Zirconium Titanium-Phosphates – Fibrous Cerium Phosphate / Polyaniline, Polyindole, Polycarbazole and Polyimidazole Nanocomposite Membranes

Authors: S. K. Shakshooki ; F. A. El-Akari ; Suheila E. Kara ; M. K. Ellafi
Pages: 30-41
Layered nanosized mixed  γ-zirconium titanium phosphates and fibrous cerium phosphate, γ-ZrxTi(1-x)..PO4.H2PO4.2H2O (γ-ZTP), Ce(HPO4)2.2.9H2O(nCePf), respectively, (x= 0.95, 0.89),   and their [γ-ZrxTi(1-x).PO4. H2PO4]0.3 [Ce(HPO4)2]0.70. 2H2O nanocomposite membranes were prepared and characterized by chemical, x-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and Fourier transform spectroscopy (FT-IR). Novel [γ-ZrxTi(1-x).PO4.H2PO4]0.3[Ce(HPO4)2]0.70  /polyaniline, polyindole, polycarbazole, and polyimidazole nanocomposite membranes were prepared via in-situ chemical oxidation of the monomers aniline, indole, carbazole and imidazole, respectively, that was promoted by the reduction of Ce(IV) ions present on the surface of the inorganic matrix composite. A possible explanation is nCePf occurs at the surface of the composite was attacked by the monomers, respectively, converted to cerium (III) orthophosphate (CePO4). The resultant novel composites were characterized by elemental (C,H,N) analysis and  FT-IR. From elemental (C,H,N) analysis the %  in weight of the resultant conducting polymers present in [γ-Zr0.95Ti0.05.PO4.H2PO4]0.3 [Ce(HPO4)2]0.70 composite were [ Pani 19.35,  PIn 5,72.  PCz 5.8, PIm 23.7]%.  The % in weight of the conducting polymers in the composite   [γ-Zr0.9Ti0.11.PO4.H2PO4]0.3[[Ce(HPO4)2]0.70  were   [Pani 8.54,   PIn 8.02, PCz 7.72, PIm 22.27]%. The conductivity of the resultant conducting polymers found to be in the range of semiconductors.

Interaction between Cadmium Oxide (CdO) Nanoparticles Aggregation Linked to DNA/RNA and Aryl Mercaptanes With Various Chain Length

Authors: Alireza Heidari
Pages: 23-29
CdO nanoparticles show a strong peak of Plasmon absorption in ultraviolet–visible zone. A strong interaction exists between the surface of CdO nanoparticles and aryl mercaptan compounds. Aryl mercaptan compounds cause aggregation of CdO nanoparticles linked to DNA/RNA and hence, lead to widening of peak Plasmon of CdO nanoparticles surface at 550 (nm) and emerging a new peak at a higher wavelength. In the current project, this optical characteristic of CdO nanoparticles is used to time investigate of interaction between different aryl mercaptanes and CdO nanoparticles. The results were shown that aryl mercaptan compounds with shorter chain length interact faster with CdO nanoparticles. Therefore, a simple and fast method for identification of aryl mercaptanes with various chain length using red shift in surficial Plasmon absorption is presented.
Schematic of Cadmium Oxide (CdO) Nanoparticles Aggregation Linked to DNA/RNA by Aryl Mercaptanes with Various Chain Length.

Enzymatic Biocatalysis of Biomass from Aquatic Plant Phragmite Karka for Second-Generation Bioethanol Production

Authors: Cosme Sagbo Kouwanou ; Euloge Sènan Adjou ; Cokou Pascal Agbangnan Dossa ; Dominique Codjo Koko Sohounhloué
Pages: 17-22
In the context of energy transition and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, the production of second-generation bioethanol is also recognized as a promising way to reduce our dependence on fossil fuels. Then, the present studies aim to evaluate the enzymatic biocatalysis of biomass from aquatic plant Phragmite karka in the second-generation bioethanol production. Results obtained revealed a rapid decrease of °Brix during the fermentation of musts and underlined the efficacy of enzyme hydrolysis. The rate of sugar consumption by yeasts is between 32.43 and 70.27%. The yield of ethanol production of yeasts indicated that Angel Brand Thermal-tolerant alcohol active dry yeast was the best yeast strain for this fermentation. These findings underline the potential of Phragmite karka plant materials in the perspective of intensive production of second-generation bioethanol.