Volume 4 Number 8 August 2019
Nutrients Recovery From Aquaculture Wastewater Using Thermally Treated Gastropod Shells
Authors: Adelagun Ruth Olubukola Ajoke
Various technological options are currently being assessed towards phosphorus recovery from waste streams. Premised on the development of sustainable appropriate technology, gastropod shell was thermally modified in this study to enhance its sorption capacity as a substrate material for P recovery from aquaculture used water. It was revealed that the thermal treatment impacted enhanced defects in the surficial morphologies of the gastropod shell leading to an increased P recovery efficiency; this was contrary to the general view that high P recovery efficiency of calcined calcium – rich materials was as a result of conversion of CaCO3 to CaO. Furthermore, about 60% P recovery was obtained and a substantial recovery of the total Nitrogen was also achieved. There was a significant improvement in the overall characteristics of the treated used water for safe disposal or reuse.
Ultra Sensitive UPLC Method Development and Validation for the Simultaneous Estimation of Tamsulosin Hydrochloride and Tolterodine Tartrate in Bulk and Pharmaceutical Dosage Form
Authors: Mahmoud M. Sebaiy ; Sobhy M. El-Adl ; Mohamed Baraka ; Mostafa S. Mohram ; Fatma Ibrahim
A rapid, sensitive and accurate ultra-performance reversed phase liquid chromatographic method was developed for the simultaneous determination of tamsulosin and tolterodine in pure form and pharmaceutical preparation. The developed UPLC method is superior to conventional HPLC with respect to speed, resolution, solvent consumption and cost. The separation was carried out on RP C18 nucleosil (1.7 µm, 5 cm x 2 mm) using an isocratic mode in eluting Tamsulosin and Tolterodine at 1.54 min and 2.43 min respectively with a mobile phase composed of acetonitrile and 0.025N potassium phosphate buffer pH 3.50 (60%:40%), respectively. Chromatographic run time was 5 min with a flow rate 0.5 ml/min and UV detection at 220 nm. The linearity for tamsulosin and tolterodine were in the range of 2-20 µg/mL for both drugs, showed excellent recoveries for bulk and tablet dosage form with a very low LOD of 4.29 and 0.59 ng/mL for tamsulosin and tolterodine, respectively. The method has been validated for linearity, accuracy, precision, specificity, and limit of detection, limit of Quantification, robustness, and ruggedness. The method which was developed was validated as per the ICH guidelines. Finally, the method was compared statistically with reference methods indicating that there is no significant difference between them in respect of precision and accuracy.