The paper discusses debatable questions about the role of religion in modern society, including higher educational organizations. There is much evidence of both supporters and opponents of special attention to the interests, wishes and needs of students of different religions in higher educational bodies. One of the most important findings is the idea about both additional and reduced costs associated with the training of religious students, and accordingly about the availability of revenue sources. The main attention focuses on the factors and conditions that predetermine the peculiarities of financing the education of religious students. Another important finding is that the quality of financing correlates with the degree of religiosity of students, their place of residence and food. It also depends on the organization of arranging religious needs and external differences in clothing, attributes, and the symbolism of religious students.
The paper focuses on the development of approaches to improving enterprise financing in an unstable economic environment. It is established that enterprise financing can be consistently addressed as a logically built structure of sources and forms of accumulation of financial resources and the methods to control their accumulation and use. It is proved that the formation of a specific model for the establishment of the sources and forms of enterprise financing can be influenced by many factors, particularly, enterprise income taxation specifics, rates and sustainability of sales growth, and asset structure. It is identified that efficient business is impossible without attracting debt (leverage). The use of debt helps to achieve significant business expansion, improved performance of equity, faster formation of special funds, and improved enterprise market value.
Abstract This article summarizes the
results of an empirical study of the monetary policy in the Russian economy.
The goal of the work is to establish the conformity of the regulator’s policy
to the "monetary policy rule". For this purpose, the monetary policy
rules are assessed: from the Taylor and McCallum rules to various modifications
of rules corresponding to an open economy. Models are assessed using the
generalized method of moments. Empirical results are analyzed. The inertia of
the regulator’s policy is analyzed, and the estimated smoothing coefficients in
the monetary policy rules are compared with estimates in emerging and developed
The article proposes a comprehensive approach to the study of interaction between the regional habitat and the human capital assets development. Principles and methodological approaches to the analysis of regional habitat regulation as a factor in the human capital assets development are emphasized. In the first approximation, the impact of the habitat on the human capital assets development is proposed to be evaluated through the analysis of changes in the key indicators of the environment and public health. The results of the analysis of changes in the statistical indicators of the environment and public health in the regions of the Northwestern Federal District of the Russian Federation for the period 2010-2015 are presented, which showed the negative impact of the environment on public health as one of the components of human capital assets. The necessity of taking appropriate measures in the field of ecologization at various levels of management is substantiated.
The paper is devoted to the possibilities of humanitarian and socio-scientific approach to the study of culture, which is of key importance for the further existence of cultural studies as a science and educational discipline. The most significant characteristics of these approaches and their heuristic potential are revealed. Humanitarian-oriented studies of culture are considered as the basis for socio-scientific knowledge of cultural phenomena and processes. The negative consequences of the opposition between humanitarian and socio-scientific research for the consistency of the knowledge about culture are shown. The strategy of synthesis of rational-scientific and artistic-figurative knowledge of cultural reality is proposed. The overall composition of scientific disciplines as a source for the humanitarian and socio-scientific study of culture and their desired relationship in the form of configurations that provide a holistic view of the cultural processes and phenomena, as well as objectivity of scientific results, are considered. The article may be of interest to a wide range of specialists studying the problems of culture.
The New Economic Model (NEM) launched in 2010 aims to improve the Malaysian’s quality of life through the inter linkages of three elements: sustainability, inclusiveness and high income. The productivity, creativity and innovation among Malaysians are the priorities, which aims to help increase revenues. NEM and national agenda could be materialized through advanced knowledge transfer involving three major stakeholders: academia, graduate and postgraduate interns, industry and community. Knowledge Transfer Program (KTP) is not a standalone agenda but a program that entails five focuses in Key Result Areas (KRAs) (education, economy, sustainability and green technology initiatives, the disadvantaged groups and developing industry relevant curriculum). As such, the objectives of this paper are (i) to identify the NEM elements with completed KTP projects in the five rolling plans (ii) to evaluate the outcome of the projects in line with NEM objectives and (iii) to propose indicators as a way to fulfill the quality of life benchmark of each KTP KRAs. The outcome of these KRAs complements NEM objectives and that KTP is the anchor of such achievements.
The interaction of ethnic business, local authorities and population of a region as a form of social partnership has been considered. Sectoral differentiation of ethnic business has been studied. The methods of socio-diagnostics reveal the problems of using the business potential of small ethnic groups in the south of the West Siberia. The algorithm of formation, as well as structural and functional model of interaction between ethnic business, local authorities and regional society, have been developed.
In the present article, the authors propose the conceptual basis for the design of corporate educational environment of professional development and performance review technology. Within the framework of this concept, the educational process is based on the principles of "learning through game" and visual simulation. The environment provides variability and continuity of educational programs in accordance with the job features of trainees. Profile competence card, which includes three profiles: professional knowledge profile; professional abilities’ and skills’ profile; and personal qualities’ profile, is prescribed to each position in the organization. In order to determine the individual indicators for each profile and create job profile, the authors conducted a sociological survey of middle-ranking managers and staff members of the organization. Based on the results of the conducted survey, the authors offer visuagraphic profiles of the manager’s position consisting of the professional skills’ profile and personal qualities’ profile.
The article is devoted to the study of problems and prospects for the development of youth entrepreneurship. The purpose of the publication is as follows: on the basis of the results of the sociological study to analyze the features of the development of youth entrepreneurship in modern Russia. Consideration of the problems of youth entrepreneurship is associated primarily with transformation processes that are becoming more active in modern Russia and other countries of the world. The data from the sociological study are used with application of survey methods and expert interviews in three Russian cities: Moscow, St. Petersburg and Bryansk. The following document analysis techniques are used: traditional (primary) analysis of documents, as well as secondary, comparative analysis. Practically, when working on this project, specialized methods of visual analysis were tested, on the basis of which the sociological portrait of a young entrepreneur was built in social networks.
The use of new information technologies in the educational process intensifies the need for analyzing the existing resources suitable for teaching students in conformity with professional standards. The objective of this study is to consider the significance of survey services in teaching students market research, to analyze the efficiency of survey services, to prove their positive impact on the learning process and to determine requirements for educational survey services. The materials of the study were students’ reports on conducting consumer surveys using either paper or online questionnaires. The research is based on a pedagogical experiment to analyze the applicability of Internet resources in the educational process. The results of students’ research were processed through the comparison of the data obtained. The authors of the article have developed the life cycle of educational survey services. Based on stages of the life cycle, the authors have determined desired functional characteristics of free survey services, which will simplify the task of selecting a suitable educational tool. It has been confirmed that the exclusive use of Internet technologies in teaching students market research cannot be sufficient, and they should be used in combination with basic approaches to a marketing theory. The conducted pedagogical experiment has proved the consistency of Internet technologies as an educational tool. The authors of the article have revealed that despite undeniable advantages of online survey services they also have significant shortcomings, which makes it impossible to completely replace classic methods of collecting market information from this moment on. The introduction of free survey services into the educational process increases teaching efficiency and develops professional competencies within the existing standards. Defining functional requirements of the above-mentioned life cycle, teachers can choose the best educational survey service taking into account the stages students will go through while using it. An extensive use of information technologies is essential to the formation of new teaching materials and the renewal of the existing ones based on the synthesis of the classical theory of marketing and innovations.
The article examines a typological feature of the artistic world of the German writer Christoph Hein, whose works are distinguished by a peculiar “biblical context”. Basing the research on Hein’s earlier works, the authors analyze bibleisms – quotations from the Bible, which present signs-symbols, and define their artistic function consisting in manifestation of aesthetic information. The analysis of bibleisms reveals the motif structure of Hein’s works, namely the biblical motifs of the Fall, continuity, punishment, suffering, humility, sacrifice and silence. The present work also aims to interpret the biblical image of Noah and to study the influence of the Bible on Hein’s poetic manner. The “biblical context”, which presents an intertextual element of poetic style, actualizes and forms the artistic meaning, defines the structural and stylistic characteristics of the writer’s works.
Social activity is a catalyst for the development of civil society, the nonprofit sector (the third sector), and the commercial sector, as well as the basis for the development of a legislative, economic initiative. In the modern society, the civic activity is accumulated in the third sector, and has a wide variety of forms, while for the traditional society, such tools as political parties and trade unions were sufficient. Social tasks solved within the third sector set the vector and dynamics of citizens’ activity and make it constructive. The social activity of the population depends on the impact of two groups of factors: objective (the population’s income level, the level of unemployment, the state of the infrastructure and regulatory framework, etc.) and subjective (the level of the population’s trust in socially-oriented nonprofit organizations, attitude of the local population to the activities of public organizations, etc.). In order to obtain empirical knowledge about forms of social activity in the Russian Federation (through the example of the Volgograd Region), tools for assessing the population’s awareness of modern types of social participation have been developed, and the readiness of actors for charitable and volunteer activity has been measured. The research tools have been tested through the example of the Volgograd Region of the Russian Federation. According to the research results, problem zones have been identified, technologies of social activity development have been structured, which has made it possible to identify the vector of social activity in the Volgograd Region of the Russian Federation and conclude that objective conditions do not allow increasing the efficiency of socially-oriented nonprofit organizations.
This article is concerned with prospects of the legal regulation of bankruptcy procedures. It has been established that the debtor’s management intending to rehabilitate its enterprise can be prosecuted if it submits a bankruptcy petition in advance. To initiate a procedure for declaring bankruptcy, a debtor is obliged to prove the existing circumstances that testify their future inability to pay off monetary obligations to creditors and make mandatory payments to budget and off-budget funds. Successful rehabilitation and circumstances indicating the impossibility to fulfil monetary obligations in the future directly depend on the time left before the debtor’s insolvency. The earlier the debtor’s management foresees an impending bankruptcy, the greater are the chances that the company’s solvency will be restored.
The paper is devoted to the barbarian Christian community that existed in Late Antiquity and is known as the Tetraxite (Trapezite) Goths in the Russian literature. The history of these barbarians still continues to be debatable. The main objective of the study is to determine the exact location of the Christian Goths and the specifics of their religion. Using the method of source analysis and the comparative-historical method, the authors have determined the distinctive features of the organization of episcopal cathedrae in the 4th-5th centuries AD, both in the border territory of the Roman Empire and in a barbarous environment. Based on a careful analysis of written sources and the latest archaeological material, the authors give new arguments allowing pinning down the location of the Gothic Diocese in the territory of the European Bosporus. At the same time, the authors argue that the transformation of pagan rituals into Christian formal dinners was the main distinguishing feature of their spiritual practice. It is for this reason that the term "Trapezite Goths" appeared; the Goths could receive it from their new neighbors, the Bosporans, in this case, playing around with the famous Greek word. The authors also believe that not all Goths left Eastern Crimea in the 5th century AD. It was the Christian Goths and their descendants who remained in the area of the ancient settlement "Belinskoye" that provided a high level of Christianization of the population living here in the Middle Ages, which in its active devotion of Christ contrasted sharply with the inhabitants of neighboring similar settlements openly practicing pagan rites. In this connection, there is no doubt about the importance of the results obtained for further studies of the early Christian communities in the territory of the Bosporus and throughout the Black Sea region since the authors’ conclusions highlight the special role of the Tetraxite (Trapezite) Goths in the Christianization of the northern periphery of the Greco-Roman world.
At the current stage the integration development in the agro-industrial sector is contradictory. The legislation uncertainty complicates the economic relations between integrated entities and market subjects. It is necessary to consider rationalization of the production structure, optimization of the organizational structure of technological food systems and the development of an economic mechanism for sharing the results of joint activities as the main areas of the economic policy within the integration process. Now it is necessary to pay special attention to organizing integrated structures based on the cluster approach, which will improve the investment climate of industries related to the production of the region’s agro-industrial complex, and stimulate innovative processes (Smykov, 2007). When forming efficient and competitive agricultural production that can ensure the coun-try’s food security, such integrated structures as agroholdings involved in agricultural production, processing and sale on the basis of holding relations are important. The formation of these integrated structures has its own fundamental features and difficulties. Regional conditions for the development of the agro-industrial complex are as important here (Ushachev, 2011).
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