The existence of decorative elements in traditional Malay houses represents the integration between functionalism and aesthetics of architecture. Its ornamentation, form and pattern particularly in woodcarving and bamboo weaving reflect the uniqueness of local craftsmanship and the master carvers. Defined as non-structural and “additional” member of the building there are at least 15 (fifteen) decorative elements of the traditional Malay house that have been identified by previous researcher. There are Tunjuk Langit, Sisik Naga, Sulur Bayung, Ande-Ande, Pemeleh, Kepala Cicak, Tiang Gantung, Lebah Bergantung, Kekisi, Gerbang, Gerbang Pintu Sesiku Keluang, Pagar Musang, Kepala Pintu and Kepala Tingkap. Architecturally in Malaysia traditional houses were categorised based on roof design, spatial organization and geographical setting which finally this categorization were named after the states. Every traditional house in the state of Malaysia signifying particular style and architectural characteristics of that particular state. This article discusses the study of those decorative elements on the traditional Malay houses in the state of Perak known as Rumah Limas Bumbung Perak (RLBP). With the objective is to investigate the type, terms and characteristics of decorative elements site observations were done on selected thirty (30) RLBP houses located along Sungai Perak. Sungai Perak is the second longest river in peninsula Malaysia recognised as the site of early Malay settlement in Perak. The analysis on visual data and verbal data were carried out to established architectural terminology and typology based on form and style of every decorative element. The study found that nine (9) decorative elements come to be the major characteristics of RLBP; some with different name, form and style from other states. These similarity and dissimilarity contributes to the enrichment of the aesthetical theory and philosophy of the Malay traditional house in Malaysia.
The purpose of this paper is to examine how the Framework-based Teaching (FBT) approach improves the critical thinking skill among accounting students at tertiary education level. This qualitative study is conducted using the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning (SOTL) approach, where reflections from lecturers ‘experience in teaching and learning process are gathered. Data are collected from both accounting lecturers and students who implemented the FBT approach using the inquiry-based learning technique in the financial accounting course. Data are analysed using content analysis. The results from the study indicate that, based on lecturers’ reflection, students are pushed to think in depth in classes using the inquiry based learning of the FBT approach. This is supported by students’ feedback on their own critical thinking ability. Thus, the FBT approach improves the critical thinking skills among accounting students. The implication of this study is the practicability of the FBT approach in teaching financial accounting course at university level in encouraging critical thinking skills.
Manufacturing companies have responsibility to participate in reducing the environmental problems impacted by their operations. This study aims to identify the efforts of Indonesian manufacturing companies in abating environmental impacts caused by their production processesand to understand the behaviour of manufacturing companies in providing environmental information to their stakeholders. The population of this study are all manufacturing companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX) and PROPER in 2012-2016. By employing purposive sampling, the study collected 135 data from 27 companies. On average, Indonesian manufacturing companies earned grade of 3 (Blue) in implementing PROPER. The extent of environmental disclosure is only around 38%. Environmental disclosure of manufacturing companies is influenced by rete of environmental performance and company size. Environmental performance is significantly affected by profitability and size. Leverage does not influence environmental performance, environmental disclosure, and profitability. The level of environmental disclosure is mostly descriptive and does not have a specific time frame. Indonesian manufacturing companies should improve their environmental performance and environmental disclosure.
The Rohingya refugees have been living in Bangladesh for over two decades. Temporary encampment turned out to be a permanent situation for many of them living in registered and unregistered refugee camps. The government of Bangladesh prohibits visitors’ access in those camps without prior official permission. The bureaucratic hurdles for securing permission for a non-party individual to the refugee issue were lengthy, conspicuous, difficult, uncertain and risky, and involves going through layers of administration located in different places. This paper draws fieldwork experiences among registered and unregistered refugees from the Bangladesh side of the border. It shed some light on practicalities and sensitivities in the field and the challenges faced by a female researcher in a fieldwork setting in this remote borderland. It suggests various strategies and negotiations that granted access to various communities.
This study investigates the impact of housing loan/financing on bank risk performances in Malaysia. The data is collected from 12 commercial banks and 12 Islamic banks in Malaysia within the period of 2002-2016. Non-performing loan (NPL) and loan loss provision (LLP) are used as proxies for bank risk and they are regressed with housing loan/financing, expenses, total loan, income, gross domestic product and inflation. The results from Random and Fixed Effect models show that housing loan/financing has significant impact on the NPL and the LLP of commercial banks and Islamic banks. The results also show that even though commercial banks seem to dominate housing loan/financing market, but Islamic banks are capable to compete with commercial bank in this specific type of financing.
Resolution of the so-called “Bangsamoro Question” rests at the heart of the peace process between the Government of the Philippines (GPH) and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) in the Southern Philippines, also known as the Bangsamoro homeland. Inspired by Allison and Zelikow’s conceptualization of Rational Actor Model (RAM), this paper analyzed how rational factor contributed to the conclusion of the Comprehensive Agreement on Bangsamoro (CAB) in 2014 and eventually enshrined into the Philippine Constitution through the approval of the Bangsamoro Organic Law (BOL) on July 27, 2018. This paper argued that the success of the GPH-MILF peace process does not only depend on the sincerity of the administrations of both then President Aquino III and current President Duterte, international support or commitment, pressure from civil societies and community involvement as what many commentators provided. As shown in this paper, the rational factor and its dimension significantly affected actors’ strategic interactions and the GPH-MILF peace process per se. The findings offered a new perspective for conflict-resolution and shed light on how rational dimension impacted both actors’ strategic interactions, which led to the conclusion of the GPH-MILF peace agreement. This clearly indicated that rational dimension greatly influenced GPH and MILF’s strategic interactions and thereby took flexible attitudes to resolve outstanding issues between them which consequently led to the signing of the CAB and ultimately the ratification of the BOL in 2018.
Strengthening of technical and vocational education and training (TVET) is one of the Malaysian government’s efforts in producing a skilled and semi-skilled workforce towards meeting the requirement from domestic industry. Under TVET education, the graduates will undergo a various of skills and technical training in either laboratories or workshops (L&W). Of significance, the equipment in L&W plays a vital role in the realization of the roles of TVET. It demand effective management tool and necessity to be in 100 percent availability. However, the literature portrays that there are some risen issues related to maintenance management of L&W, particularly related to resources such as inappropriate budget allocated for maintenance activity, unskilled staff, poor monitoring technique and utilization of conventional maintenance management technique. Hence, this study is aimed at exploring the uncovered issue related to maintenance management of L& W at the selected TVET institutions. Qualitative research methodology will be adopted in the study. Data will be collected at three TVET institutions from different region of peninsular Malaysia. The main concern of this study is three fold, first is to identify the critical success factors (CSFs) in managing the equipment of L&W in the TVET institution. The second part of this study will examine how the MM of L&W can be optimized and embraced the digital age. The study will taking into account the complex interplay between equipment or system in the L&W and the digital systems. In the third and final part of this study, those identified CSFs will be integrated towards a holistic framework to manage the L&W of TVET institution. The framework is beneficial for all stakeholders that directly or indirectly involve in managing, uplifting and sustaining the L&W of TVET institution.
The credibility and performance of the Islamic banks depend on those who operate and manage the overall banking business. Due to high demand towards high performing talents for the industry lately, there is need to identify whether the industry has done their part to train and enhance their existing talents in order to ensure the Islamic banking business remain sustain in the future. This is more challenging when the demand for talents that have education background of combination of both Islamic jurisprudent (Shariah) and finance knowledge become pivotal.It is because of the nature of the Islamic banking business that need to ensure theoverall banking operations including product structure, accounting and auditing, credit evaluation, risk management, and others meet the Shariah requirement. This study therefore embarks to investigate relationship between talent development and talent retention and also to identify the effect of talent development towards talent retention at Islamic banking institutions. A total of 175 bankers from executive to managerial level of Islamic banks in Malaysia have involved in survey conducted in this research. The results show that the respondents agreed there is a relationship between talent development and retention. In addition, talent development do significantly affect talent retention positively. Therefore, as a suggestion from the bankers, there is need to have an appropriate talent development programme to ensure that the existing talents of the Islamic banks are competent both having strong knowledge in Islamic law as well as operating knowledge of the banking business.
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of moderating factor namely religious school on the relationship between the determinants and participation in the spiritual activities among Malaysian Muslim youth. This quantitative research was performed using a survey method through questionnaires. The total of 623 samples selection in this study using the technique of the proportional cluster random sampling from undergraduate students at the selected Malaysia Public University. Theory of Planned Behaviour (Ajzen, 1985) was applied as a basis for this study. The results of the Hierarchical Regression analysis revealed that the religious school was found to have significant and positive moderator effect on the relationship between spiritual practices and participation. Instead of attitudes, environmental influences perceived behavioural control, appreciation of religion and demographic characteristics affect positively to the participation of Muslim youth in spirituality development program. Thus, all parties including educational institutions, family and communities need to give more emphasis to one’s religious education factor to ensure a holistic youth development towards nation building of the country.
Water roux also known as Tang Zhong of China’s society is one of the ingredients used in bread making to produce bread that is soft and fluffy. The use of chemicals in food that is increasingly prevalent may cause the water roux to be studied as a value-added product in the production of dough steamed bun instead of bread softener. The aim of this study was to develop a standard formulation quantity of water roux required in the production of dough steamed bun and examine the level of customer acceptance of the use of water roux in making steamed bun. A total of 290 respondents participated in the study and item structured questionnaire was distributed to UPSI students. The data analysis technique used is descriptive analyses. The study found that the standard formulation quantity of water roux chosen by respondents was Sample A which is 80g per 1kg flour. A sample of survey respondents chose a product that meets the tastes based on the hedonic steamed bun in terms of color, appearance, taste, and texture. Recommendations for further research in this field are to modify the ratio of flour and water to produce water roux.
Pre-service teacher’s entry into the teaching profession may seem to appear very exciting at the beginning as they will use this platform to showcase and share the knowledge they have obtained to transfer theories into practice to educate the learners in the school context. Ironically, all this excitement would be transformed into anxiety due to the problems and conflicts they faced during their practicum. The main objective of this study is to investigate pre-service teachers’ problems faced during their teaching practice. A qualitative case study research design was employed in this study. Four pre-service ESL teachers volunteered to participate in the study. All the four pre-service teachers were interviewed. The pre-service teachers were observed twice to look into their pedagogical practices employed in the classroom. Findings revealed that pre-service teachers struggle to continue the lesson from the planning stage right to the implementation and final stage. The pre-service teachers were unable to adhere to the mentor teachers’ instruction to implement activities for differentiated learning meant for the weak, average and upper intermediate learners. Lack of understanding and knowledge in applying the pedagogical strategies for teaching purposes was the main problem uncovered.
Construction industry is the main sector in boosting Malaysian economy, in accordance with the vision of 2020 in making Malaysia as a developed industrial nation that is vastly moving and competitive. In accordance with this Vision 2020, a new form of contsruction method coined as Industrialised Building System or IBS has been the push factor by the Malaysian government in improving production and work quality adopting industrialised construction, prefabrication of components, and the use of mechanisation into the construction sector. However, there are still incumbent issues arising within this sector whereby the designing phase, the construction coordination phase as well as the groupwork integration phase are fragmanted from each other. Due to this fragmentation, there is limited form of communication or communication breakdown happens during the IBS construction among the concerned parties. Therefore, this study was carried out to identify the issue of communication breakdown during the construction phase while recognising Islamic work ethics in addressing this issue. This methodology applied in this study was Islamic qualitative approach. At the same time, this study also applied semi-structured interview as an instrument in collecting data from IBS experts apart from the reference from existing available literature reviews. Results obtained from this study shows that there are four Islamic elements of principles that are addressed as main criterion in addressing such issues which are; Good Deeds (Amal Saleh); Righteousness (Birr); Piety or Fear of God (Taqwa) and; Accountability.
Spirituality Issues among youth should be concerned in order to secure good nation building in future. In relation to this, government as well as private sectors manages to setup various activities in order to develop and improve spirituality among youth. There are three categories of activities: education, training and program offered or managed by government and private sector. However, what is the Malaysian youth perception towards management of spirituality program conducted? Therefore, the objectives of this paper is to measure Malaysian youth perception towards management of spirituality program. The methodologies utilized in this research is quantitative methods to gather primary data through questionnaire. In this study, we employed stratified sampling technique and the respondents are Malaysian youth which age within 15 to 40 years. The data gathered from 4703 respondents analysed by using descriptive analysis, t-test and ANOVA. The findings show that the mean score for effectiveness of management level towards spirituality activities is 7.55 out of 10 points which imply there are room to be improved. There are ample opportunity to improve the management of spirituality activities, especially in terms of selecting professional facilitator or moderator who conduct the spirituality activities.
Food safety has become a huge concern among health authorities in Malaysia due to its serious impact. Despite effort from the health authorities, cases of food borne illness are still happening through the countries. This resulted in several quarters aiming to bring HACCP to the communities including small, free-lance food business owners which usually not under the authority’s radar. However, while HACCP works in controlling food production in manufacturing facilities, repeating the same feat seems colossal on the much smaller food operators. The more complex system and practices of smaller food operator needed a massive orchestrated effort from all part of the society.
Feedback has been an important topic of discussion in language learning. Although research on written corrective feedback is available, there is little research on the specific strategies employed by teachers in order to provide feedback on their students’ essay writing. This paper reports part of a larger research. One of the objectives of this study was to explore corrective feedback strategies employed by the English as a second language (ESL) teachers and English language expert raters when assessing their students’ written essays. This study used qualitative case study which involved 12 participants. Data were collected through interviewing nine English language teachers and three English language expert raters to obtain their pedagogic practices in providing written corrective feedback. The strategies identified are based on Ellis’s typology of strategies for providing written corrective feedback. The findings showed that the preferred written corrective feedback strategy used by the teachers and raters was Metalinguistic Corrective Feedback with Direct Corrective Feedback and Focused Corrective Feedback used by only a few of them. This study has pedagogical implications in that it explains the ESL teachers/expert raters’ pedagogical attitude and practices towards error correction and their preferred written corrective feedback strategies in dealing with error correction.
Page 2 of 12 |
Total Articles 180 |
Showing 16 to 30