The present paper investigated a developed method for the quantitative evaluation of involvement of countries in the international open access movement. It identified eight country open access indices which were initially connected with open access initiatives and instruments, their weighing, normalization and aggregation in a weighted average value. In a second more strict approximation, the number of indices was reduced up to six for the account of discarding duplicated data in ROAR and Open DOAR. Budapest initiative and Berlin declaration were considered as ОА-initiatives; and data of the international registers, DOAJ, SHERPA/RoMEO, ROAR MAP and the Webometrics ОА-repositories ranking, was considered as the tools. The calculation was done on the basis of a developed method for 133 countries.
Designed aesthetic and consumer parameters of the region (coefficients of representation of objects) depend on types of settlement, individual characteristics of the population, its psychological and physiological characteristics, features of the combination of aesthetic resources and accessibility of areas of public environmental management. Based on assessment results, the existing problems of organizing the land structure are identified in settlements of region and a methodology is developed for mapping the assessment of the consumer parameter of the region.
In the present paper, effective factors in the imbalance between labor markets and educational services in the construction industry were identified on the basis of expert assessments. A model was developed as a system of equations that made it possible to determine the direction of influence of selected factors with subsequent graphic interpretation. Graphical visualization of models was also presented in the form of graphs. On this basis, scenarios of socio-economic development of region were defined in this area (optimistic, realistic and pessimistic scenarios).
Marketing specialists simultaneously use several channels to attract visitors to websites. There is a difficulty in the separate assessment of not only the efficiency and conversion of each channel, but also in their interconnection. Problems occur when users visit a website from several sources and only after that do the key action. Different models of attribution are used to assess the effectiveness and selection of the most optimal channels. The models are reviewed in the present paper. However, we suggested using the multi-channel attribution, which provides an aggregate assessment of multi-channel sequences, by taking into account their interdependent nature. The purpose of paper was to create an attribution model that comprehensively evaluated multi-channel sequences and showed the effect of each channel on the conversion. The presented model of attribution can be based on the theory of graphs or Markov chains. The first method of calculation was more visual; the second (based on Markov chains) allowed working with a large amount of data. As a result, it presented a model of multi-channel attribution that was based on Markov processes or graph theory. It allowed for maximum comprehensive assessment of the impact of each channel on the conversion. On the basis of two methods, calculations were carried out confirming the adequacy of applied model for assigned tasks.
The present paper was based on materials of the Federal State Statistics Service of Russia on the website. The research subject consisted of regional features in the changing value of human capital assets. The research object includes regions of the Central Federal District. The study was carried out using statistical methods including the index method, dispersion and correlation-regression analysis. The valuation of human capital assets was carried out on the basis of a profitable approach. It was found that the statistically significant differentiation of regions in terms of wages was the main factor affecting the dynamics and structure of human capital assets in the Central Federal District. The low wages, which triggered migration outflow in the region, should be considered as an indicator of an unsatisfactory socio-economic policy. It is necessary to improve the policy of social and economic development of regions; and the criterion for the success of which should be the sustainability of regional economies.
Social and cultural security, risks of destroying cultural and social stability are paramount important for the discussion at the governmental and national levels. The present paper suggested a new instrumental system for assessing socio-cultural threats and risks of large territories. As a demonstration, an analysis of results of the all-Russian expert survey was presented making it possible to assess existing socio-cultural threats to the environment, the likelihood of emergencies, the riskiness of Russia’s socio-cultural sphere, and the effectiveness of measures to maintain the social and cultural security. As a comparative analysis, new indices were empirically verified and proposed for measuring the socio-cultural sphere: the index of the probability of occurrence of socio-cultural threats and emergencies, the index of socio-cultural security, the index of social impact of threats on indices of the quality of life, and the index of the effectiveness of measures to improve and maintain the socio-cultural security. As a result of study, the structure of threats and risks of a habitat became clear, and the most effective countermeasures were determined.
In today’s world, to survive, people need to work for a job which they are happy and satisfied. Before choosing their own job, they need to set a career path. When looking at the history about how it has been working for people, we see some factors affecting their orientation to their careers. The world is changing; so is the generation. This paper contains a research study about the career orientation for this new generation in Turkey. This empirical study is conducted with an AHP method with Turkish university students’ career orientation, having as main objective to identify the factors which are affecting the new generation about the setting their career orientation and order them in a hierarchical way. The results showed that this new generation is somehow different from the previous ones, especially when it comes to career orientation; some factors affect their way to choose a career path.
The psycholinguistic aspect of study of the text as a product of speech activity is analyzed in the article. The relevance of the ideas of multidimensional space of life in the linear plane of the undertaken research consists in the consideration of the text as the difficult semantic and syntactical formation possessing a number of psycholinguistic characteristics. The authors of the research claim that in the psycholinguistic aspect of studying the text the concept of perception of the text treated as the act of knowledge, experience and creativity is important. In the given work perception of the text is correlated to the projection of the text which in psycholinguistics is considered as fundamental property of the text formation. In the article phases of the perception of the text are described in detail; for the definition of the bases of the psycholinguistic approach to the study of the text the comparative analysis of the text review in psycholinguistics and linguistics is submitted. Besides, the authors investigate the features of the psycholinguistic analysis of the text on the example of the scientific works of the famous linguists. According to the researchers, the leading place in a psycholinguistic projection of the text is taken by the reader - the recipient whose activity is connected with his spiritual activity: he tries to understand a statement, gives additional clarity to the speech, finds the hidden meaning.
The present paper analyzed problems of joint of biographical personality and the image of the author and studied concepts namely the "the image of the author", "autobiographical pact", "pseudo-documentalism", "autobiographism", and the "autopsycologism". Creating an entire composition from dozen of episodes (which were created as separate short stories), S. Dovlatov integrated them by fictional correspondence between the author and publisher where he interfered biographical facts as bases for his work, his attitude towards them, and thought about the literature and his situation in it. It was found that according to the pseudo-documentalism principle, the author created a document imitating the epistolary genre and achieved, thereby affected readers’ confidence. The present paper proved that in the novel “The Zone” the author distanced himself from the main character allowing us to talk about a prevailing autopsychological principle regarding the autobiographical principle. Not authenticity of facts, but the assonance of main character’s experience with author’s own experience in the foreground. In the style of Dovlatov, there is the assonance of main character’s experience with author’s own experience in the foreground.
The timbre ear development as a component of musical ability is an important factor for the qualified students’ musical and performance advance in piano class. The timbre ear allows revealing the coloristic potential of the piano, perceiving and delivering timbre characteristics of vocal and various musical instruments, and practicing orchestral treatment of piano. The timbre ear development supposes not only making performer’s readiness to perceive, but also embodying the required timbre on the piano. Reconstruction of timbre characteristics refers to a supreme approach to the original sound, while using different ways of sound retrieval, articulation, dynamic shading, pedaling, etc. The role of academic repertoire cannot be overestimated in the timbre ear development of piano class students. The richest piano literature is represented by a great number of compositions that are essential for the timbre ear development. Among them, there is a special attention to piano transcriptions, representing vocal or instrumental compositions in a new reading-concert, and masterly adaptation for the piano. The present study aimed to reveal the potential of piano transcriptions of compositions by Tatar composers in developing the timbre ear of piano class students. Authors summed up the experience of piano teaching in educational institutions of the Republic of Tatarstan, performance and methodological analysis of the performance repertoire, and thus unveiled opportunities of the timbre ear development in the process of studying piano transcriptions of Tatar composers in piano classes and gave examples for piano reconstruction of instruments’ sounds of source compositions. Piano transcriptions of compositions written by Tatar composers vividly reflect national music traditions of Tatarstan, timbre peculiarities of solo and orchestral instruments emphasizing the beauty of Tatar vocal intoning.
The present paper aimed to determine the necessity to study principles of metaphorical representation of objective reality to reveal common and differential nationally specific features of the cognitive consciousness of native speakers with different languages. This research was conducted in a semantic and cognitive approach helping to identify an ordered set of concepts in the public minds and their concept spheres through the investigation of semantics of linguistic signs. The main methods included the component analysis, the conceptual analysis, the contextual analysis, the etymological analysis, the cognitive analysis, and the metaphorical analysis. The analysis of problems indicated that the metaphorically redefined vocabulary of the semantic field of construction vocabulary formed a vast area of the conceptual worldview of speakers with English and Russian languages. Anthroposphere is the most frequent and productive cognitive goal of the metaphorical shift with construction vocabulary ‒ 91, 81%. We identified areas of regular and irregular metaphorical shifts indicating the potential of construction vocabulary in forming a fragment of the conceptual worldview of English and Russian speakers. Quantitative indices indicated the predominance of ontological and structural metaphors over orientational ones. The obtained results of research on the semantic field of construction vocabulary reflected an ordered and evident prototypical basis in the cognitive consciousness of native speakers. The method of investigating metaphorical shifts in this paper can be also based on materials of other concept spheres and semantic fields that represent them.
The present paper aimed to investigate syntactic units of the idiomacy structure that express intensive-consecutive relations, which are classified as “expressive syntactic constructions” and differ from each other by semantic diversity, fusion of informative and connotative meanings, combination of real and surreal contents and combination of both variable and non-variable components. On the one hand, the present research focused on unresolved problems of syntactic phraseological models’ semantic-functional status, and on the other hand, paid attention to the representation of intension in the information structure of phrasemes that differ by the correlation of qualitative-quantitative and relational meanings. Statements, which have so/ such/ so/ before ... what; not so not so ... so; too ... to conjuctures and are based on constant components and allow free lexical filling, are related to these phraseological models (hereinafter referred as phraseomodels). Phraseomodel, which concentrates on the verbalisation of intensity and behaves differently depending on the lexico-semantic origin of the “backbone” component and how functionally loaded its pro-form, prevails in the writing style of B. Akunin’s detective fictions. Meanwhile, the semantic intensity is often amplified due to the metaphorization and embodiment, inversion, segregation of the pro-form or phrase as a whole, and the inclusion of informal speech and even jargon. Phraseomodels, which are analyzed in terms of the inter-model correlation, are correlated with those phraseomodels including the "too ... to" part indicating the redundancy in the quality or conditions, and with those including the not so / not so / not so ... to parts, in which the quality of subject, on the contrary, does not exceed the bare minimum for something to happen. Such stylistic modifications of the currently studied phraseomodel as parcellation, lexico-syntactic repetition and ellipsis enhance the expressive and emotional perception of B. Akunin’s detective fictions.
Due to the shift to the cognitive and functional perspective of linguistic knowledge in the 1970s, the linguistic science became closer to the human thinking and goals of communication. In investigating lexemes of various thematic fields, it is essential to combine the knowledge of structural and cognitive linguistics involving the componential analysis, logic-linguistic analysis, and the associative experiment. The present paper aimed to indicate the combination of these methods as examples of units belonging to the thematic field “landscape”. The sphere of lexical-semantic system, which was associated with thematic scope “landscape”, was represented in all world languages. The research on the specificity of formation and structure of the thematic field “landscape” in Russian and English discovered common models of the formation process of lexical units’ meanings. This contributed to the successful resolution of an urgent problem of modern linguistics. The problem existed in relationships of a lexical unit and a concept that was defined by this lexical unit.
The aim of this paper was to examine the novel “Gamʹ” by the Tatar writer A. Motallapov regarding the author’s use of non-standard language. The novel was published in autumn 2014 in the Tatar journal “Kazan Utlari” and it is an interesting example of the use of non-standard language in Tatar literature. The author employed non-standard elements in the speech of some of his protagonists, thus illustrating their regional origins and social belonging. The use of non-standard language in Tatar literature is mostly not considered in academic literature, and also non-standard lexis in Tatar at large is rarely an object of investigation. The non-standard phrases in the given text were characterized by expressive features, short simple syntax, and dialect pronunciation. Definitions of “standard” and “non-standard” were also given along with analysis of dialect usage. Thus, the focus of the present analysis was on phenomena which could be seen as part of variety as well as contact linguistics.
The authors of the present paper investigated the problem of the importance of teachers’ roles in higher educational institutions in the process of forming critical thinking among students. The ability to think critically allows future specialists to prepare for real professional activities, successfully implement assigned tasks to them and achieve high results. Similarly, there is an opinion among many researchers that students’ critical thinking is formed automatically in the teaching and educational process. The research authors introduced their own views on the problem and considered the teacher personality as the central unit in the process of forming the critical thinking among university students.
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