The problem of professional training of future specialists is one of the most urgent issues in the modern dynamic world. Society needs professionals who would be able to take not only the traditional formulated solutions, but also independent non-standard solutions to professional problems, like in the integral part of their professional training such as the organization of a foreign language assessment at primary schools. In this relationship, the present paper investigated the problem of selecting the most appropriate approaches to future teachers-philologists’ professional training in the sphere of young learners’ achievements testing. The main aim of paper was to analyze and represent the most beneficial approaches for this purpose. In this paper, we realized that the professional training of future philologists should be based on a combination of personality-oriented, communicative, environmental and competence-based approaches, as well as the constructivism idea. The scientific research results may be used in the foreign language teaching methodology as a basis for the students’ training for the assessment organization.
An analysis was performed on the economic state of the beekeeping industry as well as factors influencing the dynamics of its development in five leading countries of honey exporters namely China, New Zealand, Argentina, Germany, and Spain in order to solve theoretical, methodological and practical problems of increasing the efficiency of the development of regional beekeeping in market conditions. The present paper described some branch peculiarities of the beekeeping functioning, the market development for products of industry, scientific and technological achievements, organizational and economic mechanisms of interaction between agricultural producers and processing enterprises, the legal and information provision of business entities, the development of industrial and social infrastructures of industry, and qualified personnel training in studied countries. Based on the analysis, practical recommendations are offered for improving the efficiency of regional beekeeping development.
The present paper investigated the formation and implementation of the social youth capital. The social youth capital is defined as a set of “resources of a human, group or society that is in general formed and reproduced subject to the entity’s acceptance of values integrating with the reference environment, observance of norms relevant to interacting individuals that ensure the establishment of mutual trust and convertible in forms of institutions and practices (methods and technologies) and ensuring the attainment of life goals”. It is substantiated that the social capital of youth is mainly formed on the basis of relationships in four fields: family; neighbors; labor (including educational) groups; and virtual social networks. Similarly, it is contradictory and ambiguous in terms of consequences in each field. Family is the most important location for the formation of social capital, but social networks play increasingly important role in the development of youth. Young people consider participation therein as a kind of compensation for costs of direct inter-personal communication.
The present paper aimed to investigate the notion of "city", "urban space", and the "urban tourism". An example of a large city presents main elements of a structural-logical scheme for a geospatial research on the tourist market. Main functions of city were analyzed, in particular, the tourist function of a large city with modern signs of tourism development in Kharkiv city. The research indicated dynamics of number of tourists from Kharkiv region according to the tourism activity during 2000-2016 and dynamics for number of tourism activity in Kharkiv region for during 2011-2016. Kharkiv is a city where is expected to be a metropolis and "smart city". The research presented prior directions of tourist development in Kharkiv, and revealed main problems of the tourism development in the city. It highlighted main tasks for putting Kharkiv at the international and national levels as an attractive city for tourists.
In the modern educational space, the focus on realities of the information society is an important issue relating to the provision of a high level of education informatization that implies teachers’ mastering as the necessary competency and the ability to introduce electronic educational resources into educational and training practice. Adobe Flash as a platform for creating web applications and multimedia presentations enjoys the greatest popularity with users including teachers. However, because of the announcement that Adobe Flash is going to terminate its functioning in 2020, the issue of choosing a suitable analog to create web applications and presentations for teaching purposes has become particularly important. The present paper provided a comprehensive analysis of developing electronic educational resources by teachers using Adobe Flash and HTML5 for teaching mathematics at primary schools. In the present paper, we shared the experience of teaching future primary school teachers the technologies for creating multimedia and web applications, in particular with Adobe Flash and HTML5. The experience was based on teaching the special course “The Technique of Using Computer Techniques in Lessons at Primary Schools” that taught Adobe Flash in 2012-2015, and HTML5 in 2016-2017.
The anthropocentric paradigm of modern linguistic science encourages researchers to solve new problems related to the description of mental units - concepts. In this regard, studies devoted to examination of artistic concepts that contribute to modeling the artistic image of an author’s world as an option of linguistic image of the world and a variety of interaction between national and the author’s individual in the creative idiolect are of particular importance. The diversity of views in modern linguistics on problems associated with the understanding of the essence of artistic concept and the methodology of its analysis testifies to the complexity of the phenomenon studied; and, consequently, the need for its detailed and thorough comprehension and scientific description. This article was focused on description of the theoretical foundations of the selection of artistic concept in contemporary linguistic cognition in modern lingvocognitology. The article also presented a review of the definitions of the term studied in the scientific linguistic literature, outlined the main directions in studying the artistic concept, and also identified and analyzed its characteristic and specific features. In the course of the research, it was established that the artistic concept was a mental formation verbalized in an artistic text s associated with a figurative transfer of a certain phenomenon or object. The artistic concept combined the generally accepted knowledge and subjective perception of the author’s reality. Moreover, the artistic concept, representing a key unit of cognitive paradigm of researching an artistic text, had several distinctive features: associative nature, imagery and symbolism, emotiveness, orientation to aesthetic information, dialogicality, variability of semantic content, ability to enrich the meaning, etc. The study of the artistic concept further promoted comprehension of the ideological content of the artistic text, comprehension of the author’s conceptual sphere, and identification of the author’s specific idiostyle. During the research; general scientific methods of observation, analysis and synthesis, description, comparison, and generalization were used.
This article with a general methodological orientation was to present the specific nature of forming foreign competence in teaching foreign languages to the students of humanitarian specialties of higher educational institutions. To this end, the results of teaching a foreign language based on the cultural concept was presented. This approach in the language mastering system dictates a teacher to select materials for study in accordance with socio-cultural, linguistic-cultural, and intercultural information relevant to professional interests of students of a particular specialty. The definition of not so much linguistic but the personal traits of the trainee as an area of proximal development also contribute to the formation of a specialist adapted and capable of implementing their professional competences regardless of geographical barriers. The novelty of the proposed approach is to integrate the earliest forms of language mastering with the extracurricular form of work at university. It includes the work on attracting students to communicate with native speakers or with representatives of a different culture through their unifying language in natural communication situations (meetings, scientific debates, and student exchange programs). A purposeful implementation of this approach also allows developing professional, social, and intercultural competencies of students in their inseparable trinity.
The correctional process in Russian penitentiary institutions during the performance of criminal penalties is organized through the implementation of the basic means of convict correction, which include regime, socially useful work, educational work, general education, vocational training, as well as social impact. This complex procedure is quite diverse. The mechanism of correction also affects not only the norms of the penal enforcement legislation, but also the norms of the criminal as well as the criminal procedure laws. More than 20 years have even passed since the introduction of Criminal-Procedural Code of the Russian Federation. During this period, the socio-political and economic situation of Russian state has changed. So, in particular, crime has transformed its characteristics. The modern realities of life also compel the state and the legislator to search for new adequate and effective forms and legal instruments that allow for an effective corrective impact on individuals serving a sentence of imprisonment. In this respect, the authors paid attention to the importance of convict safety provision during the period of a criminal penalty. In addition, the article revealed the main theoretical approaches to the definition of convict correction degree and the problem of criterion establishment for its evaluation.
The present study aimed to analyze the code-switching. The paper focused on functions which motivated code switching in social life and Instagram pages. Data was collected from Instagram pages of Tatar celebrities from the beginning of January till the end of March 2018 (more that 700 posts were analyzed). The author concluded that the code-switching (CS) was very common among multi or bilinguals who switched between different languages for communication with each other. The literature review was performed on the world science, described the development, establishment and history of both Russian and foreign sciences, examples of real-life situations facing by modern people. The authors came to a conclusion that the most common functions for study were “phatic switching” and “referring to habitual expressions”. In this regard, the following methods were used: analysis of problem based on the study of linguistic, philosophical, psychological, pedagogical, cultural, and methodological literature. Authors hope that research materials may be useful worldwide by educators and researchers who are involved in the professional linguistic research and training.
In the present paper the monitoring implementation was considered in systemic and process approaches where monitoring is integrated into controlling and planning functions respectively. Shortcomings of this integration were identified. The process approach was currently used in the public administration, but the monitoring quality could not be described as high. It was proved that the integration with organizing function was necessary for the indicative management. This statement was based on monitoring place in the overall indicative management system and its methodological basis including the concept of monitoring, object and subject of research, its goals and functions. The research identified target, structural and functional focus of monitoring in relation to the public sector organizations indicative management.
The present paper investigated results of an analysis of dynamics of changes in the investment structure of Belgorod region on the basis of private and integral indices characterizing the dynamics of structural changes. Structural changes in Belgorod region concerning investment capital were different from corresponding calculated figures in the Central Federal District. The revealed differences characterized features of the development in the investment processes and indicated changes in priorities of those investing in the economy of this region.
The preset paper aimed to analyze the latest trends in a modern ethno-cultural life in two districts of Ulyanovsk region. Empirical basis of research included interviews and statistical data as well as publications in this field. All respondents mentioned a general increase of interest in the national culture among the population especially after the USSR collapse. However, it was mostly appeared in the responses of the Mordovians, the Chuvash and partly the Tatars. There was a significant aspiration to learn and thoroughly understand cultures of areas among the Russians. Nevertheless, this tendency is often neglected with obliteration of ethnic particularity in ethnos as a concern of some experts. The author believes that national villages, schools and in some cases the administration of national districts are centers of preservation and popularization of traditional culture. Traditional sport is a way of national cultures’ revival. In general, rural municipalities represent a role model for the tolerance even comparing with the multinational Middle Volga region that is especially noticeable among the youth. The interest in religion is also growing throughout the region. Christians are the greatest number of believers. The author assumed that the interest in "national" and "religious" aspects often had a distinctive characteristic indicating the process of irregularities of ethno-cultural and religious revival in the region.
This article was devoted to the comparative analysis of modality in English, Spanish, and Tatar proverbs. The topicality of the research was determined by the fact that modality was one of the most complex and contradictory concepts, from a variety of different interpretations. The topic of this article was relevant to modern linguistics for revealing the features and the structure of modality in proverbs of English, Spanish and Tatar languages. General and particular types with the use of modality of proverbs had been allocated in the article. The types of classifications of proverbs were also identified. On the basic of the results of the study of proverbs in English, Spanish and Tatar languages are presented in the article. Article submissions, the results of the research are of interest for scientists studying the modality of proverbs in English, Spanish and Tatar languages. The results could be also used both when studying intercultural processes and by culture experts, philologists, ethnologists and others groups interaction and analyzing cultural and research issues and processes of the studying languages.
The purpose of this study was to establish a sustainable balanced scorecard for the selected population with the inclusion of resources, objectives, indicators, measures, issues, and dimensions of the sustainability of Iraqi universities using the philosophy of strategic planning following a scientific and modern manner. Through the diagnosis of strengths and weaknesses following the use of the proposed treatment, the card was designed to improve the efficiency of the resources at the Faculty of Management and Economics in Mustansiriya University. The study concluded that what was needed to ensure the assessment of the performance and the integration of the dimensions of sustainability was no longer in accordance with the modern methods and techniques. Also, the most important part of the planning process of the Faculty of Management and Economics was to identify the strengths and weaknesses of their positions, compare the actual reality of the quality standards of higher education organizations, and improve the efficiency of their resources.
The term Non-Profit Organization (NPO) has a negative connotation in modern Russia. This is primarily due to the 2012-law on foreign agent NPOs that may result in the ever-increasing hypertrophy of the state and atrophy of society. However, what can the history offer in such a situation? As a rule, historians refer to analogous cases in other historical periods in order to better understand what is happening in the society. Therefore, authors of the present research focused on this issue particularly the period of the late 19th and the early 20th centuries. It also focused on social organizations (voluntary organizations) in the late 19th to the early 20th century in the Russian Empire and rexcognized them as NPOs. It is not decisive to study results of the historical experience of how non-profit organizations functioned in the Russian Empire in the late 19th to the early 20th century. At first glance, it may seem that authors are seeking to modernize the term “voluntary organizations” and violate principles of applying historical terminology (since the term NPO was not used in Russia at that time). Similarly, the fact that such organizations became widespread in late pre-revolutionary Russia and did not pursue profit-making or the distribution of profits among their members allowed us to define them as NPOs of the 19th century.
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